FAIR-SOME “FOUR”

 

Image result for Images to present the number 4

India has contributed in enormous measure for the evolution of NUMBERS- numerology.

While I was travelling in the world of numbers-in the fairyland of fanciful fairsome four-, for no particular and specific reason I fell in love with the number FOUR and Google Guru took me to several other parts and here I share the same with the esteemed viewers of ENVIUS THOUGHTS in this Sunday story in https://nvsr.wordpress.com.

“4 “is the natural number following 3 and preceding 5. Four is the only cardinal numeral in the English language that has the same number of letters as its number value.

4 is the smallest squared prime (p2) and the only even number in this form

In addition, 2 + 2 = 2 × 2 = 22 = 4.

A four-sided plane figure is a quadrilateral (quadrangle) which include kites, rhombi, rectangles and squares!

Various religions have a fancy for the number “4” and let us see some.

In Buddhism

Four Noble Truths

Dukkha – The Noble Truth of Suffering

Samudaya – The Noble Truth of the Cause of Suffering

Nirodha – The Noble Truth of the Cessation of Suffering

Magga – The Noble Truth of the Path leading to the Cessation of Suffering

Four sights – observations which affected Prince Siddhartha deeply and made him realize the sufferings of all beings, and compelled him to begin his spiritual journey—an old man, a sick man, a dead man, and an ascetic

Four Great Elements – earthwaterfire, and wind

Four main pilgrimage sites – LumbiniBodh GayaSarnath, and Kusinara

 In Hinduism

There are 4 Vedas: Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda and Atharvaveda.

In Puruṣārtha, there are four aims of human life: DharmaArthaKāmaMoksha.

The four stages of life Brahmacharya (student life), Grihastha (household life), Vanaprastha (retired life) and Sannyasa (renunciation).

There are four primary  strata of society.

There are four important Saints revered by those who follow Saivism: Appar, Sundarar, Manikkavasagar and Thirunjanasambandar.

Most of the chariots used in temples during festivals have four wheels may be small or giant.

Most of the palanquins carrying the idols of Gods will be carried by four devotees.

ISLAM

There are four Sacred Months in Islam: MuharramRajabDhu al-Qi’dah and Dhu al-Hijjah.

There are four books in Islam: Torah, Zaboor, Injeel, Quran.

IN ASTRONOMY

Four terrestrial (or rocky) planets in the Solar systemMercuryVenusEarth, and Mars.

Four giant gas/ice planets in the Solar systemJupiterSaturnUranus, and Neptune.

Four of Jupiter’s moons (the Galilean moons) are readily visible from Earth.

The Roman numeral IV (usually) stands for the fourth-discovered satellite of a planet or minor planet (e.g. Jupiter IV)

IN BIOLOGY

The fourth finger of a human hand (on the left hand – ring-finger) is moved when the little finger moves.

All insects with wings except flies have four wings.

In CHEMISTRY

There are four basic states of mattersolidliquidgas, and plasma.

IN PHYSICS

There are four fundamental forces (electromagnetismgravitation, the weak nuclear force, and the strong nuclear force).

IN PHILOSOPHY

Aristotle held that there are basically four causes in nature: the efficient cause, the matter, the end, and the form.

IN TECHNOLOGY

Most furniture has four legs – tables, chairs, etc.

Four horses (quadriga) is the maximal number of horses in one row for carriage.

Wide use of rectangles (with four angles and four sides) because they have effective form and capability for close adjacency to each other (houses, rooms, tables, bricks, sheets of paper, screens, film frames).

On many computer keyboards, the “4” key may also be used to type the dollar sign ($) if the shift key is held down.

It is the number of bits in a nibble, equivalent to half a byte

IN TRANSPORT

Most vehicles, including motor vehicles, and particularly cars/automobiles and light commercial vehicles have four road wheels.

IN SPORTS AND GAMES

In cricket, a four is a specific type of scoring event, whereby the ball crosses the boundary after touching the ground at least one time, scoring four runs. Taking four wickets in four consecutive balls is typically referred to as a double hat trick (two consecutive, overlapping hat tricks).

In basketball, the number four is used to designate the Power Forward position, often referred to as “The four spot”.

Also in basketball, there is a term called the four point play, when a fouled player attempts a 3-point field goal and makes it, and makes the resulting free throw.

In roller skating, roller skates typically have four wheels. When the wheels are arranged in a single line, they are called “in-line” skates. When the wheels are arranged in a four-point configuration (two in front, two in back), they are called “quad” skates.

In rowing, a four refers to a boat for four rowers, with or without coxswain. In rowing nomenclature 4− represents a coxless four and 4+ represents a coxed four.

There are four bases in the game of baseballfirst basesecond basethird base, and home plate; to score a run, an offensive player must complete, in the sequence shown, a circuit of those four bases.

In baseball scoring, number 4 is assigned to the second baseman. Also, four is the most number of runs that can be scored on any single at bat, whereby all three base runners and the batter score (the most common being via a grand slam).

At semi final stage of any team plays- games – four teams participate.

Four is the only number whose name in English has the same number of letters as its value.

GROUPS OF FOUR

Four rules: additionsubtractionmultiplicationdivision.

Greek classical elements (fireairwaterearth).

Four seasonsspringsummerautumnwinter.

leap year occurs every four years.

Four is the minimal number of contemporary continentsAmericasEurafrasiaSahulAntarctica.

Approximately four weeks (4 times 7 days) to a lunar month (synodic month = 29.53 days). Thus the number four is universally an integral part of primitive sacred calendars.

Four cardinal directionsnorthsoutheastwest.

Four Temperamentssanguinecholericmelancholicphlegmatic.

Four Humorsbloodyellow bileblack bilephlegm.

Four Great Ancient Capitals of China.

Four corner method.

Four Cardinal principles.

Four cardinal virtues: justice, prudence, temperance, fortitude.

Four suits of playing cards: hearts, diamonds, clubs, spades.

Four estates: politicsadministrationjudiciaryjournalism. Especially in the expression “Fourth Estate“, it means journalism.

There are also four years in a single Olympiad (duration between the Olympic Games). Many major international sports competitions follow this cycle, among them the FIFA World Cup and its women’s version, the FIBA World Championships for men and women, and the Rugby World Cup.

There are four limbs on the human body.

Thus the NUMBER FOUR has got so much of importance and significance which simply amazes the readers.

So far so much, bye!

Image result for Images to present the number 4

 

Kindly click the following links in particular the last one to read my article on Bharathiyar on the Goddess of Learning.Kindly make your comments on the space provided beneath so that the same can be viewed by other readers also. Thanks.

http://indianperiodical.com/

https://www.facebook.com/IndianPeriodicalmagazine

https://twitter.com/IndPeriodical

http://indianperiodical.com/2016/09/list-of-contents/

 

 

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