NATIONAL MATHEMATICS DAY December 22nd

National Mathematics Day

It is said that Mathematics is the mother of all Sciences!! True without Mathematics no arts or Science subject can develop and flourish. Hence it is in the fitness of things that National Mathematics day is observed and that is on December 22nd today. Envius Thoughts brings out a Sunday Story on this day for the information of all our esteemed viewers which is bound to provide some good inputs. Let us enjoy the post on this salubrious Sunday! This is on the 1786th Day of the Blog and 1720th post. Let us carry on.
National Mathematics Day is celebrated on 22 December every year to mark the birth anniversary of legendary Indian mathematician, Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions in the field of mathematics. Let us read more about National Mathematics Day, its history, significance and how is it observed.

As we know that since ancient times various scholars had made significant contributions to Mathematics including Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahavira, Bhaskara II, Srinivasa Ramanujan and others. At the very young age, Srinivasa Ramanujan showed the signs of an unfolding genius and his contributions regarding fractions, infinite series, number theory, mathematical analysis and so on set an example in mathematics.

On 22 December 2012, the former Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, paid tribute to Srinivasa Ramanujan at a function organised on the occasion of the 125th birth anniversary of the great mathematician Srinivasa Iyengar Ramanujan in Chennai. 22 December was declared as National Mathematics Day. Thus, on 22 December 2012, National Mathematics Day was celebrated across the country for the first time.
National Mathematics Day 2019: Significance

The main objective behind the celebration is to raise awareness among people about the importance of Mathematics for the development of humanity. We can’t ignore that several initiatives are taken to motivate, enthuse and inculcate a positive attitude towards learning Mathematics among the younger generation of the country. On this day, training is also provided to the Mathematics teachers and students through camps and highlights the development, production, and dissemination of teaching-learning materials for Mathematics and research in related areas.

List of famous Indian mathematicians from Ancient to Modern India
How is National Mathematics Day celebrated?
National Mathematics Day is celebrated in various schools, colleges, universities, and educational institutions in India. Even the International Society UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation) and India had agreed to work together to spread Mathematics learning and understanding. Along with this, various steps were taken to educate the students in mathematics and spread knowledge to the students and learners all over the world.
NASI (The National Academy of Science India) is the oldest science academy situated in Allahabad. To celebrate National Mathematics Day, NASI conducts a workshop in applications of Mathematics and Ramanujan. The workshop is attended by popular lecturers and experts in the field of Mathematics from across the nation. Speakers at the country and world level discuss Srinivasa Ramanujan’s contribution to mathematics.

The two days workshop on the topic ‘History of Indian Maths before 16th Century’ is also organised during 30-31 December, 2019 at the NASI headquarters at Prayagraj.

The theme of the workshop will be important talks/presentations followed by a thorough discussion on the contributions of Indian Mathematicians from the Vedic period to the medieval period which have been accepted by the whole mathematical world without controversy. Discussion in the workshop will cover the following topics:

– Indian Contribution during Vedic Period
– Indian Contribution during Classical period
– Indian Contribution during the medieval period.

All the states of India celebrate National Mathematics Day in different ways. Various competitions and mathematical quizzes are conducted at schools, colleges, and universities. Mathematics talent and students from all over India participate in these programs and workshops.
About Srinivasa Ramanujan and his contributions in Mathematics
Srinivasa Ramanujan was born on 22 December, 1887, Erode, India and died on 26 April, 1920 at Kumbakonam. His family was of the Brahmin caste and lived in poverty. At the age of 12, he had gained knowledge in Trigonometry and without anyone’s help, he had developed his own theorems and ideas.Just at the age of 15 he obtained a copy of George Shoobridge Carr’s Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure and Applied Mathematics.

He had spent his childhood days in great difficulty in poverty. He used to borrow books and read books from friends in school. When he was young, he took up the job of clerk to meet the economic needs of the house, and when he gets the time he used to solve mathematics questions and worked on various types of theorems. Once, an Englishman saw those pages,he was impressed and took a personal interest. He sends Srinivasa Ramanujan to the Hardy, the Professor of Oxford University. He then recognized the talent hidden in him and thereafter he got fame worldwide.

His papers were published in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical society in 1911. He had compiled about 3900 results mainly identities and equations that too on his own without anyone’s assistance. Several results out of them are original and novel like the Ramanujan prime, The Ramanujan theta function, partition formulae and mock theta functions. These results further inspired several other research and opened new fields of work. He discovered his own theory of divergent series, worked out the Riemann series, the elliptic integrals, hypergeometric series and the functional equations of the zeta function. Number 1729 is known as the Hardy-Ramanujan number.

National Mathematics Day is observed on 22 December every year to spread awareness about the importance of mathematics and the contributions made by the scholar of mathematics Srinivasa Ramanujan. The government of India decided in 2012 to celebrate National Mathematics Day on 22 December on the birth anniversary of Srinivasa Ramanujan. Since then it was celebrated on 22 December every year.
The post’s aim was to provide some basic facts and we do hope the objective was achieved to some extent. We are sure that you have enjoyed reading this post.
This far is for this week’s Sunday story and tomorrow we shall meet as usual. Till then GOODBYE!

 

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ARK  honors NVS!

Blog crossed overall views of 2,28,000 on 20th instant. My good friend and former colleague Mr. A Ramakrishnan used to call on me at the end of every 25000 views and honor me with a shawl and here is a photo taken on the occasion. Speciality and uniqueness about him is he daily views the posts and presents his views on the posts through an audio which I used to enjoy.

TALE OF A BLOGGER 36

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Yes, what is the magic of TIME! Goddess of Time is very powerful and SHE expects everyone on earth to handle time effectively and efficiently. On the one hand we find the people not knowing what to do with that ”TIME” and on the other hand we do come across people praying the GODDESS OF TIME why she has done only twenty four hours a day and why not it be 48? May be man designed yet……….

I am probably neither here nor there! That I used to get up at 5 in the morning till I completed my college course in 1961, and at 4 till I was in the service of my Alma mater great premier public sector organization Life Insurance Corporation of India where I learnt the art of life and living and now post retirement I get up at 3 yet I am unable to complete my routine with peace!!!

Time and tide waits for none it is said; but tide waits for full moon to blossom to show its beauty in depth!”

Time goes on and on, on and on for eternity! Eternity to eternity! It looks February twenty fifth two thousand and fifteen was just yesterday- but it was 1766 days ago! ENVIUS THOUGHTS took birth on that great day with its FIRST POST “MY TRYST WITH LIC” and today on 1st December 2019, it is EIGHTEEN Hundredth post! Post for a TALE- “TALE OF A BLOGGER 36”! (36X50=1800)

As any other writer, I write for my satisfaction. When they are found to be useful to the viewers through my Blog ENVIUS THOUGHTS in https://nvsr.wordpress.com, I am indeed delighted and am motivated to proceed further and further, farther and farther! One measurement of my viewers is obviously the overall number of views.  I do constantly think of how the Blog can be made more interesting.

I am a little sensitive to the daily number of this Blog’s view and overall as I feel it is the measure of viewers’ estimate of the quality of the Blog.  This is 36th TALE OF THE BLOGGER!

Let us have a look at the overall views since the last Tale 35.

01/12/2019   1766th day   1800th post     2,25,616
26/11/2019   1761st day   1794th post     2,25,000
20/11/2019   1755th day   1788th post   2,24,000
14/11/2019   1749th day   1782nd post   2,23,000
08/11/2019   1743rd day  1 776th post   2,22,000
05/11/2019   1740th day  1773rd  post   2,21,000
01/11/2019   1736thday   1769th post    2,20,000
27/10/2019   1731st day    1764th post    2,19,000
20/10/2019   1724th day    1756th post    2,18,000
13/10/2019   1717th day   1750th post    2,16,876

A landmark achievement was crossing the overall views of TWO LAKS AND TWENTY FIVE THOUSAND on 26th November 2019!

It has always been a great matter of awe and delight, inspiration and wonder! I mean the astrological/astronomical knowledge of our learned saints and seers, yogis and predictors of the future. That is getting strengthened as days pass bye. Astrology is a great art and science – not superstitious beliefs of a few.

Planets govern the world and they move from house to house from time to time. That way October 30th was “GURU PEYARCHI DAY” that is Transit of GURU-Bruhaspati- from one house to another. That morning in the temple the priest was mentioning that the person having SWATHI star (I am a SWATHI starred person) may have to face minor problems! It took its own stride. One may not believe what I experienced in that very evening! I am a type of person rushing to help others asked or unasked, known or unknown, young or old! Lady from the third floor was going out and she had come to the road. Her son threw a bag at her request from their flat. In the normal course it should have fallen on the ground and she would have picked up and proceeded with her work. In my over enthusiasm to help her, I wanted to catch that bag as it was falling and in the process I hit against the iron gate and got hurt in my head, shoulders and back-thank God not very serious!!!I was writhing in pain for a few hours after applying some ointment!! Then I decided to visit a 1000 year old temple-guru kshethram- in walking distance from my flat- every Thurs day and I continue. It was 4th
a couple of days back!  Several thousands of years ago they calculated that the planet will transit on that day and predicted the possible effect on persons born in different stars!    That is why India, my holy Motherland is very great in all spheres on earth.

On 14th November-Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru’s birthday being observed in deference to his wishes as Children’s day. We in our colony observed with great fun and respect- a lot of children enthusiastically participating displaying their talents in various activities.

Great MUSIC SEASON commences today in Chennai. Scintillating Music festivals many in each locality- attract lot of music lovers from the whole of India and many countries abroad! A month long season indeed is great for the participating musicians -young and old, men and women-and music lovers of all ages.Music is divine and divinity can be felt, seen and heard in Chennai through out this month.

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A music performancc on at Chennai Music Academy

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A section of the audience enjoying the divine performance

I am always proud of my esteemed viewers. One Shri Shankar from Pondicherry is one of the regulars and he suggested the post like “November 29th-Sirappuli Nayanar IS 36* Day” in respect of other Tamil Saint poets Nayanmars 63 in number and it will be a big task. Anyhow I may start the series in a planned manner in due course. I am indeed grateful to him.

 

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Statues of 63 nayanmars installed in all major Shiva temples.

December first is today promising a great closing of the year for me! On
7th I am presiding over a Tamil Poets’ Meet, on 11th I am presenting my Tamil poem on Bharathiyar, on 13th I am presenting my Tamil Poem and getting an award, on 15th I am presenting my Tamil poem on Barathiyar, on 29th I am getting an award for my poem on Barathiyar. One English Poets Meet in Nellore for Flamingo Festival for which date is yet to be fixed.

Thus goes  my life told to my esteemed viewers through this TALE OF A BLOGGER 36. We shall meet as usual tomorrow and till then GOOD BYE!

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 CVK Advocate on Envius Thoughts!

Mr. CVK Advocate with his pet ginger

CVK Advocate- Mr. C.Vijayakumar, a leading Advocate in Madras High Court is the former important Office bearer of the great mini India JEEVAN BIMA NAGAR, where about five thousand people from East and West, North and South are living in perfect peace and harmony, promoted by my Alma Mater Life Insurance Corporation of India where I learnt the art and science of Life and living, is my co resident. Advocate CVK takes a lot of interest in ENVIUS THOUGHTS and makes his scholarly observations, which I feel must be shared with my esteemed viewers and hence here is this week’s Sunday Story-(1792nd post).

Pundit Jawaharlal Nehru was a very tall world leader. Most modern in his out looks and molded with scientific temper. His “Glimpses of World History” will always remain as a classic book on History educating all. Politicians with medieval views only attempt to damage the image of Nehru. But they cannot succeed. He was one of the tall leader of Indian Freedom Movement.

Entropy shouldn’t be a deterrent to a productive, meaningful life

Thank you Mr. Suresh Mathew, for your kind information… If we love all humans& living beings, nature, that will be a solution for bringing world peace..😄😄

Very happy to see Mr. Suresh Mathew is projected , in “Suresh Mathew on Envius Thoughts”. He is a very good friend of mine and a nice fellow being of our colony, always taking a right view& stand on issues. In modern days of colony life, people living in multi- storied colonies like our colony ” Jeevan Bhīma Nagar”, we have to rise above race, religion, caste etc. From the day one, when we entered the colony ,we have been promoting a peaceful & happy life among residents with mutual cooperation. That is the way to lead a wonderful life .Our Association “JBNFOWA” is fully committed to the welfare of all.We have evolved ourselves as a model to colony life. This colony is “Mini India” setting an example to whole of India to lead a peaceful life of “Unity in Diversity”. My sincere thanks to Mr.Subbaraman & Mr. Suresh Mathew to activating me to respond.😄😄

Thank you Mr. Suresh Mathew, for your kind information… If we love all humans& living beings, nature, that will be a solution for bringing world peace..😄😄

Very happy…Great Contribution by our poet & Gandhian follower, thinker Mr.Subbaraman, who is going to visit Srilanka for Tamil Conference , submitting his paper & Senthoor Pandian accompanying..👍👍😄😄

Think +ve, have a balanced diet, have happy life with neighbors & support the community life. Stroke will fly away..

Thank you, Mr.Subbaraman, the Great poet, thinker& Gandhian follower making our pet Ginger as today’s heroine. Frankly, to show our compassion to animals, I have posted the photo and you have made a Great day for Ginger. We have to protect all living things& nature for our own survival.
With regards,
C.Vijayakumar & family

Universal brotherhood is the only solution to save the world from Extinction..

I am able respond occasionally. Social media sometime kills time, energy, health. But there are many positive aspects in spreading good social messages amidst divisive politics..😄😄

Very important to Save UNO to save Earth,Humans, all living things andature from Extinction..

Those habits have to change. Many countries Neighborhood schooling is implemented. Walking g, cycling best mode for healthy life of children!. In our school days, we used to walk many kilometers to attend our schools..
Yes. With this our Sunday story comes to an end. I am sure my valuable viewers would have welcomed and enjoyed.We shall meet tomorrow and till then good bye.

Mrs. and Mr. CVK Advocate after complying with the democratic demand!

 

Blogger N V Subbaraman of ENVIUS THOUGHTS

 

SURESH MATHEW ON ENVIUS THOUGHTS!

Mr.Suresh Mathew, one of the colleague residents in my colony-Jeevan Bhima Nagar, Chennai-is a close friend of mine -an Engineer by profession- taking a lot of interest in my Blog ENVIUS THOUGHTS- in https://nvsr.wordpress.com.He is a self appointed Ambassador for the Blog carrying this Blog to several other countries through his friends who are there for long!!!!I am indeed immensely grateful to him for this kind gesture.
This week’s Sunday Story brings out his thoughts and views on the Blog. I am sure my esteemed viewers will enjoy.

I am very glad to inform you that the Blog about ginger is short listed by the society of American bloggers.. You will get an opportunity to go to New York. Are you interested? If so I will ask Mathew Eapen to send your tickets

All liked the post. Sangeetha Punnen from UK…”Very unique post
Depicting about pets..Mr Subaraman is a great soul. Will promote his blog with more vigor
Pets are the creation of God
It gives immense happiness and pleasure
Pets are harmless
It is dependent on human being
It helps bio diversity
Cat is a pet animal with all features of cheetah
Loving and caring
As symptom of love cat lift his tail and hug with chin
It eradicate mouse from home
Cat ginger is CVK founder member’s pet
Pets provide pleasure. Can be the title!.
All foreign countries they like pets.
I will ensure maximum reading

Good post. Our flat is not friendly to Polio affected people as we don’t have lift
Good one on UN

On Environment Part V
Appreciate your argument in JBN owners group. It will delay the process
You’re tooth and nail counters like for survival
People may accept it
Keep it up
On Karaka Chathurthi
Good one.. This festival is mostly celebrated in East
On my getting Ph.D
: Checked.. You are the 3rd Indian. First is Athani Bhattacharjee second is Bishram Singh
Actually your reader is an associate with WR University UK. i got information from him
One more question from UK. Your doctorate from Records University?
Rony loves you
One question from one of the readers: Is NVS a rationalist? Will he ready to visit our country, if we make all arrangements?
: As a cultural exchange gesture

Rony Koshy from Japan: congratulations to Mr. Suba. Nicely depicted about the food day..
NVS would have touched on following points
#Poverty alleviation
#Farm mechanization
# Farmers life. Are they happy?
#Organic food
#poisoning of food by middle man and farmers

Sir your dedicated efforts is adorable
Today we had a conference call with all. They all are confident of 1 million mark
: Mathew Eapen from US is very enthusiastic
: We worked together way back in Kolkata
: He is coming to Chennai .

: Mathew Eapen is asking few questions
: How NVS is getting motivated to blog on 5 daily basis?

Feedback from Sangeeta Punnen UK…”Really good for creating awareness about cleanliness!. I am promoting the blog in my son’s College Warwick

One of your readers from Australia was commenting: “NVS is on his sunset years.. After his time, who will take over this?

Tomorrow Sangeeta Punnen from UK will give feedback
: John Dennis is based at Brisbane. He has commented positively about your today’s blog on world standards day. He also suggested including some standards to improve the quality of Life of the lost and least. I’m in Australia. “ education , medical and housing “ totally free for the poor. Also they will get a social security for their basics
John Dennis is good in mind reading. He told that Mr. NVS is internally bleeding. He asked any major issues affecting his peace?
Mathew Eapen was very happy about your post and also you have mentioned the name. As per Mathew, NVS must focus on more social causes. For example, your post on the world standards can be raising voices about different standards adopted by many Government, judiciary etc.

: NVS
John Dennis has given feedback
: Mathew Eapen loves you.

Ok. He told he is promoting in Tanzania right now.. Being in UN , they welcomed you.
: If you can visit they will do all arrangements
: Tomorrow you will get feedback back from Australia

Feedback given by Fazal Muhamad about postal day from Entebbe capital of Uganda. He works with UN. “Good blog. Can also add using the huge postal office network in a better manner.. Each post office can be an information Centre too. Have NVS visited any post office for blogging this? Has he talked to post man?.Has he assessed their work life balance? Can post office play a role in global warming cure? Can NVS visit Africa once?..”
: Mathew Eapen: “I am promoting in network, trying for California.
Request NVS to focus on environmental issues, child labor, etc. woman equality
Feedback from USA

: Mathew Eapen USA
Fazal Muhamad AFRICA
JOHN DENNIS Australia
Sangeeta Punnen UK
Rony Koshy JAPAN
: These people will promote your Blog in their respective continent
: Will also give timely feedback

: Ok thanks, read it every day- take in the positive spirit
:I have placed a Blog promoter and reviewer in each continent

: Sir your Blog quality has come down
: Are you on a depression?
Sir you mentally very healthy
: Otherwise you would not have faced your wife’s death and overcome
: You faced so many troubles
: Even now
: Like redevelopment
: I proposed you for bigger position in JBN..

You are the true one NVS not…..
: Official announcement will follow
: Sir you called someone in JBN as Thangathalaivar… Now you are superseding his achievements. So we are rechristening you as THANGA THALAIVAR
: Please accept
: We will honor you with a Golden crown

: Good one.. Nivedita’s posting liked by many
: I shared with my son and his friends
: They like the value based thoughts by her

: People started reading across world now
: Every day I am promoting to 5 people

: don’t like people objecting envious thought…
: I told across world friends to follow
: I want it to reach 1 billion people
: Good one…NVS
: I will not allow anyone to go against
On World Kindness Day 13/11.
Love and kindness are never wasted… Human kindness has never weakened stamina or softened the fiber of free people… Mother Theresa in the initial stage of formation of missionaries of charity approached one of the richest Indian in Kolkata. When she extended her hand for help, that person spitted on her hand. She has shown other hand too and said graciously that I am receiving it for the lost and least people in Kolkata. Kindness to the core. Kindness never fails. The man who spit on her hand later changed his mind and gave an open cheque book endorsed by him to her so that she can take any amount of money from his account at any point of time. This is truly the victory of kindness. This person is none other than the founder of mighty Birla group G D Birla. Kudos to NVS for kindling a kindness thought in the morning.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION ESSENTIAL

Nice thoughts..All points are inspiring..
Where we  meet the people with cynicism and doubts and those who tell us that we can’t, we will respond with that timeless creed that sums up the spirit of some of the people: Yes We Can improve the environment.

This much is this story. We shall meet tomorrow as usual. Till then GOOD BYE!

KG to ELEMENTARY!

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Favorite Blog of more than two lakh viewers from about two hundred
And thirty Countries around the world coming to an age graduated
From Kinder Garden class to Elementary class now-has grown and
Today it is One Thousand Seven Hundred and Fiftieth Day!

ENVIUS THOUGHTS in https://wordpress.com born on twenty Fifth February
Two Thousand and Fifteen dedicated to pure literature -Prose and Verse-
Is a himalayan task the viewers from abroad feel and convey.
One Thousand seven hundred and Eighty Three posts= of prose and verse!

From elementary class to secondary class to go in years
How many- God to give the blogger mind and body, thoughts and words!
Blog not to lose its sheen, viewers not to get bored – the need to progress
Invoking the grace and blessings of the Omnipotent for success!

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The Blog that fetched ASIA PACIFIC Book of Records honor as the “LONGEST RUNNING BLOG”

FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS! Part I

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Our Brahadaranya Upanishadic prayer:

Asathomaa sath gamaya, thamaso maa jyothir gamaya
Mruthyomaa amrutham gamaya om shanthi, shanthi, shanthi!

 

Sanskrit Lyrics Lyrics transliterated in english Meaning in English
असतोमा सद्गमय ।

तमसोमा ज्योतिर् गमय ।

मृत्योर्मामृतं गमय ॥

ॐ शान्ति शान्ति शान्तिः ।।

asato mā sadgamaya

tamasomā jyotir gamaya

mrityormāamritam gamaya

Oṁ śhānti śhānti śhāntiḥ

From ignorance, lead me to truth;

From darkness, lead me to light;

From death, lead me to immortality

Om peace, peace, peace

 

Yes “FROM DARKNESS LEAD ME TO LIGHT”

Here are two specific days today and tomorrow- Deepavali Day –twenty Fifth and twenty Sixth October this year- FESTIVAL OF LIGHTS.!
In any religion, festivals and prayers have deep meanings which many do not seem to appreciate well. Many a time criticize also unfortunately!
This DEEPAVALI, otherwise called DIWALI is one such. Those against would refer to the exorbitant expenses the festival imposes, air pollution thanks to crackers, likely accidents due to indiscriminate fire crackers etc. etc.

Coming from a family of humble means, I recollect Deepavali in my childhood days-say right up to my teens- when we had to make the purchases of dress just on the night of the first day when the merchants will  sell at a cheaper rate to clear their stock! I mean nineteen forties and early fifties!!! Similarly crackers for a couple of rupees!! My mother will do sweets and snacks at the cheapest cost!!! We used to look at those rich who used to fire 1000 valas and 5000 valaas with awe!!!

DEEPA AVALI-Deepavali –is ‘keeping the lamps in line’ that emit lot of light around and thus expelling darkness. The festival has religious, spiritual and social significance and dimensions making this Festival an all India pervasive!

RELIGIOUS SIGNIFICANCE
Like every other festival in India, Diwali has a rich history. The reasons to celebrate the festivals of light can be traced back to ancient India. As several religions developed, more and more explanations and stories got attributed to this day. There are different legends associated with Diwali, which vary from region to region in India.

Legends of Diwali

Following are the Hindu legends associated with the festival of Lights: :
Return of Ram to Ayodhya
The most popular legend associated with Diwali is the legend of King Rama. Diwali is the day when Rama returned to Ayodhya after 14 years of exile and defeating the demon king Ravana who abducted Sita, wife of Rama. People of Ayodhya were absolutely ecstatic at the homecoming of Rama and rejoiced by lighting up their houses and distributing sweets to each other, a tradition still followed by all those who celebrate the festival.

Legend of Narakasura

According to this legend, Diwali is the day when Narakasura was killed by Krishna. It is believed that Narakasura had availed a boon of long life from Vishnu. He created havoc in all the three worlds and started assaulting women. It is said that Narakasura requested Krishna that his death should be remembered by all, and this is the reason why the day is celebrated as Narakachaturdashi.

Incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi

Goddess Lakshmi was born when Devas and Asuras were fighting over nectar while churning the ocean. Goddess Lakshmi decided to give nectar to the Devas.

Return of Pandavas

It is believed that Pandavas returned to their capital Hastinapura on this day after twelve long years of exile. And the occasion was marked by people by lighting earthen lamps (diyas).

Legend of King Bali

Diwali is also believed to be the day when King Bali was sent to Patala by Lord Vishnu in his Vamana avatar. Fearing the rising influence of King Bali, Vishnu asked for as much land as he can measure with three of his steps. He measured the entire earth and heaven with two steps and by placing third at the head of Bali (at his request), sent him to Patala.

Coronation of King Vikramaditya

It is believed that legendary king Vikramaditya was coronated on the day of Diwali, giving another reason to people to celebrate the festival.

Diwali as a Harvest Festival

Diwali was initially celebrated as the festival of harvest. It is the time when farmers in India reap their harvest and worship the Goddess Lakshmi (Goddess of prosperity & wealth) by offering Her portions from fresh harvest.

History of Diwali in Sikhism

Also known as the Bandi Chorr Devas among Sikhs, the festival is celebrated to mark the release of the sixth guru of Sikhs – Guru Hargobind Singh from the Gwalior Fort, along with 52 other Hindu princes in 1619. When Emperor Jahangir agreed to release the Guru at the demand of the Sikhs, the Guru announced that he would not leave without other captive princes. Clever Jahangir declared that only those princes who would be able to hold the Guru while he is leaving the prison would be released along with him, knowing that all the princes won’t be able to hold the Guru. The Guru got a garment made which had 52 strings. Each prince held one string and thus the Guru was successful in getting all the princes released. Sikhs celebrated this day by lighting Golden Temple. Also, the foundation stone of Golden Temple was laid on the day of Diwali in 1577.

Significance of Diwali in Jainism:

Festival of Diwali is of importance to the Jains as it is on this day that Lord Mahavira (Last Jain Tirthankar) attained Nirvana. It is said that Mahavira attained Nirvana in the presence of several Gods who enlightened Mahavira and eliminated darkness from his life. Also, Ganadhara Gautam Swami (Chief disciple of Mahavira) gained Kevalgyan (complete Knowledge) on this day.

Importance of Diwali in Buddhism:

Buddhists celebrate Diwali to mark the conversion of emperor Ashoka to Buddhism on this day. The festival is known as Ashoka Vijayadashami among the Buddhists and they celebrate it by praying and decorating the monasteries.

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PART II will be posted tomorrow

TALE OF A BLOGGER-35 “AMIDST THE MEXICAN POETS!”

Mexican poets with Mr. VA.Mu. Sethuraman, President of the Meet and others.

This TALE 35 will focus on a great event that took place on Wednesday, the ninth October this month in a fantastic and unique higher educational institution on the outskirts of the great city of Chennai .

The SOKA IKEDA COLLEGE OF ARTS AND SCIENCE FOR WOMEN, Chennai (an ISO certified Institution and the proud recipient of “THE INSTITUTION OF EXCELLENCE AWARD” conferred  by the Indian Council of Gandhian Studies, New Delhi) founded by

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Dr. Sethu Kumanan, one of the greatest educationists of Tamilnadu.

He is Dr. Sethu Kumanan hailing from the rural hamlet Kandaramanickam, Sivagangai District is the son of a very great and humane teacher Mr KR Sethu, who is a legend on his own. Mr Kumanan graduated from Raja Duraisingam Memorial College affiliated to Madurai Kamaraj University and pursued higher studies in Annamalai University.

He has a passion for teaching and he is a true educationist.

He has received innumerable awards including MUDIYARASAN AWARD on 7th inst. At Karaikudi.

He is a passionate writer. Our former President Dr. A.P.J. Abdulkalamji has appreciated him personally for his collection of poems written in Tamil.

He has written many books including Malaysia Manimakudam, Idayathul Israel, Masakthi Ikeda, Mexicovil Tamil Kavidaigal and Petra – A travelogue of the trip to Jordan – A compilation of photographs.

He has infinite talents in the film media and he had produced many short films like “Veeramangai Velunachiar”, a film on the brave historical women, “Ellaiyilla Paarvai” – Vision beyond boundaries. These films had the vision to create values in the younger generation. The short film titled “Kadavulai Kandaen “– Saw the Almighty – a real story of Sethu Bhaskara School student, “Bimbam” -to highlight the value of parents and the need to take care of them in their old age and the film titled “Kalviyin Kaimaru”-to inculcate the humane quality of compassion in the mind of everyone are some of his exemplary works and masterpieces.

He is the Correspondent & Managing Trustee of the Sethu Valliammal Educational Trust which renders yeomen service to the society by running many educational institutions of repute, which include:

Sethu Bhaskara Matric. Higher Secondary School (Recognised by Govt. of Tamilnadu), Pudur, Ambattur.

Dr. Ikeda Karunayagam, Anna Nagar West, Chennai.

Sethu Bhaskara Technical Institute, (Recognised by Govt. of India and Govt. of Tamil Nadu)Kandramanickam, Sivaganga Dist.

Soka Ikeda College of Arts & Science for Women (Affiliated to Madras University) , Madhanangkuppam, Chennai 600 099.

Sethu Irani Matriculation School, Kandramanickam.

Sethu Bhasakara Agricultural College and Research Foundation, Visalayankottai, Karaikudi.

Dr Sethu Kumanan holds the prestigious post of the Honorary Senate Member, Middle East University, Ras Al Khaimah, United Arab Emirates. He is the Editor & Publisher Iniya Ikeda ( An International Magazine) and the Managing Trustee, Village Community Hall – Sri Manickanachi Amman Marriage Hall, Kandramanickam, Sivagangai Dist.

He has visited many countries and participated in several International Poets Conferences. They are  Meets held in Turkey, Israel, Taiwan, Japan, Malaysia, Finland, Slovakia, S. Korea, Mexico, Greece, Romania, U.S.A, Switzerland, Australia, Mongolia and Hungary. He has visited more than 60 countries encompassing all the continents and far-flung areas like Arctic and Antarctic regions of the world.

Dr. Sethu Kumanan aspired to achieve something significant in the field of education. With the moral and financial support of his maternal uncle and father-in-law Mr Sethu Bhaskaran, he started a school in 1988 under the banner “Sethu Bhaskara Matriculation Higher Secondary School” at Pudur, Ambattur, Chennai 600 053 with just eight students. The school has now grown up with the guidance and support of numerous well-wishers to the extent of producing state ranks. The school strength is now nearly 8000.

The school imparts value-based education to children, who are mostly first-generation school-goers. Hailing from an economically backward family, Dr Sethu Kumanan could appreciate how financial difficulties could hinder the academic progress of an individual. Sethu Bhaskara MHS school offers concessions within its means and occasionally beyond, to the needy, so as not to deprive a child of knowledge just for want of money.

In Sethu Bhaskara, apart from offering free education and fee concessions to the wards of their staff, the school tries to extend the facility to other students also – parentless, fatherless, financially backward and on medical grounds. Around 248 students enjoy free education. These students and the visually- challenged will come under the banner Dr. Ikeda School Students. The meritorious students – proficient in academics as well in sports are given free education to encourage them and to motivate other students.

Sethu Bhaskara School enjoys the pride of being the first English Medium School in India to launch Integrated Education for the visually-challenged children. The School Management willingly and happily bears the responsibility of providing free education, transport, uniform etc. to the twenty-two visually-challenged students who are covered by this scheme.

The most striking part of this scheme is the mingling of these students with the students in the general stream, by which they attend classes along with the normal children in the regular classrooms. As these children are able to mingle with other students, they gain the confidence that they can cope up with the peers who have normal vision.

Dr. Sethu Kumanan strongly believes that it is not enough just to sympathise with the visually-challenged. Instead, we should see what best can be done for them. That is the reason why all efforts have been taken to initiate to help the visually-challenged enjoy their rights to live happily as others do, by giving them education, which is like eyes to every human being.

Dr. Sethu Kumanan started an Industrial Training Center in his native village Kandramanickam in the year 1997 “ Sethu Bhaskara I.T.C.” with an aim to make them capable bread-winners. The students are trained in different fields – Fitter, Wireman and Electrician etc. Around 300 students have successfully completed the course and are now comfortably placed locally and abroad. He has also started Sethu Irani Matric.Hr.Sec.School in the year 1998 to impart education to students in his native village. More than 500 students are studying.

Taken up by the viewpoint of the great Japanese philosopher Dr.Daisaku Ikeda, an enthusiastic educationist and ardent follower of Gandhian principles, Dr. Sethu Kumanan decided to follow his path. Dr.Ikeda, his mentor, fervently believes in educating the people of the rural area and in the empowerment of women. His adoration for this noble personality lead to the founding of a college exclusively for women, an institution to cater to the educational needs of the rural women in the name of the renowned educationist “ Soka Ikeda College of Arts and Science for Women, Chennai 600 099 in the year 2000. Rightly as the banner specifies, the college imparts value-based education.

It is a matter of pride that the college has been identified as the “Institution of Excellence” by the National Advisory Committee of Indian Council of Gandhian Studies, New Delhi for the services in the field of women’s education and empowerment.

The Father of our Nation has said, Agriculture is the backbone of our nation. However, it is disheartening to see that agriculture is being denied prominence and fields are being transformed to plots for construction. With a vision to revive the interest of the younger generation in farming, he has started Sethu Bhaskara Agricultural College and Research Foundation at Visalayankottai, Karaikudi Taluk, very close to his native place, Kandramanickam, Sivagangai District

Dr. Sethu Kumanan’s dreams are thus coming true by the Grace of God and the good wishes of countless well-wishers. There are yet many dreams of his to take shape, in the words of Robert Frost.

“And miles to go before I sleep And miles to go before I sleep”.

His service in the field of Education is tremendous. Pudur and Madhanangkuppam have found their place in the Indian map of education on account of Dr.Sethu Kumanan. Here is a great man who strives for women empowerment. Thanks to his noble vision, many girls of the rural area of Madhanangkuppam have become graduates and have been placed well in reputed organizations.

The best feature of his character is his humility. It is this humbleness that makes him all the more a great personality.

A helping hand to the needy “hands that help are better than the lips that pray.

Dr. Sethu Kumanan is a benevolent giver who is ready to help the needy. He has helped so many financially backward students in their education.

Dr. Sethu Kumanan hosted SIXTEEN Mexican Poets in the MEXICAN POETRY CENTER in his college referred to above in which several Indian poets including this blogger were invited. College was the venue of the Meet.

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The following Mexican Poets and Indian Poets participated in the Meet. With a well-laid agenda, there was an Exhibition and Presentation-Literature and Poetry, India, Japan and MEXICO.

After a pleasing invocation praying Lord Ganesha, Dr R. SandhyaChairman Dr.Sethukumanan addressed.  Madam Lakshmi welcomed the guests. All the Guests were honoured in our traditional manner.  After some discussions, poems were presented by all the participating poets.

HEARTY WELCOME SPANISH POETS!

India that is Bharat- my sacred holy Motherland great
Taught us “ATITHI DEVO BHAVA”-treat guests as Gods sure a treat!
Hearty welcome, learned Spanish poets-with a culture holy
You are welcome with your rich heritage and tradition jolly! (4)

Spanish literature- poetry, prose, and drama in thy language

In the Kingdom of Spain  development coincided with Catalan Literature, Galician gels well with Latin, Jewish, and Arabic traditions.  Literature of Spanish America important branch of Spanish literature, With its own particular characteristics from the earliest years of Spain’s Conquest of the Americas quite impressive worthy of gains!   (10)

In Medieval Spanish literature, vernacular Romance-based literature, Mix Muslim, Jewish, and Christian culture.  Great is the epic matured Poem Cantar de Mio Cid, written in eleven hundred and forty. Lyric Poetry in the Middle Ages has popular poems and the courtly poetry
Of the nobles. In the Renaissance important topic was art of poetry.  (15)
In romanticism era the beginning of the nineteenth century nice
Topics are: the poetry of Espronceda”>José de Espronceda and other poets-wise.
In modernism several currents appear: Parnasianism. Symbolism, And Creationism.  Around nineteen twenty younger group of poets
Began publishing works that revealed the extent to which younger
Artists were absorbing the literary experimentation of the earlier writers. Poets were closely tied to formal academia- wonderful creators!   (22)

The Spanish Civil War had an adverse impact on Spanish writing. Among the handful of civil war poets and writers, Miguel Hernández stands out. You are from such a glorious tradition!

We in Chennai extend warm welcome with admiration! (26)

Post Lunch there was a very nice cultural program by the students-dance and singing. The cultural program was well received by the visiting dignitaries.

 

On the whole the occasion was great and hard to get back ! Green memories will remain so for years to come!

Mexican poets  around the Rangoli greatly appreciated and enjoyed by them

(Photos sent by Prof. Kanmani of the college)