ENVIUS THOUGHTS VIEWS 1,11,111 !

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Father of The Nation.

ENVIUS THOUGHTS hits a beautiful number  1,11,111

I am glad to share with you that with the 107th  view at 17.00 hours today, Sunday   the 15th October 2017, total views of ENVIUS THOUGHTS  hits a beautiful NUMBER  ONE LAKH  AND ELEVEN THOUSAND, ONE HUNDRED AND ONE (1,11,111) from more than 210 countries  around the world on the 940th day and 1007th post, thanks to your support and encouragement. Kindly continue. Thanks aplenty.

In commemoration, here is a special post:

 ‘ENVIUS THOUGHTS’ SCORE “1,11,111”!

“Envius Thoughts” registers a number beautiful

Passionate I am with numbers and views powerful

Gone mad with observing the number of views each hour

Recording the same in a diary- great honour!

 

In the history of Envius Thoughts holy day

Is today Sixteenth OctoberSeventeen-hey

One Thousand and Eighth post of my Beloved Blog sacred

Nine Hundred and Forty first day with patience achieved!

 

Total view score wears a beautiful figure happy

“ONE LAKH ELEVEN THOUSAND ONE HUNDRED AND ELEVEN”

Look at 1,11,111 from countries two hundred

And ten and more- all by the grace of Goddess Saraswathi!

 

 

 

 

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PRESIDENT HE WAS!

 

One of the largest democracies of the world-India that is Bharath- my Holy Mother land had a galaxy of great FIRST CITIZENS right from the time we won freedom under the noble leadership of our Father of the Nation Mahatma Gandhi.

  1. HE Babu Rajendra Prasad 1950 to 1962
  2. HE Dr. Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan 1962-1967
  3. HE Zakir Hussain          1967-1969
  4. HE V. V. Giri        5/1969 to 8/1974
  5. HE Fakruddin Ali Ahamed 1974- 1977
  6. HE B D Jatti        2/1977 – 7/1977
  7. He Sanjeeva Reddy                 1977- 1982
  8. HE Sardar Zail Singh         1982-1987
  9. HE R. Venkataraman        1987- 1992
  • HE Shankar Dayal Sharma 1992- 1997

11.HE  K R Narayanan                        1997-2002

  1. HE Dr. APJ ABDUL KALAM 2002- 2007
  2. HE Prathiba Patil 2007-2012
  3. HE Pranab Mukherjee 2012 – 2017

 

Each one was great in his own way and the whole world acknowledged with great respect  not only because he/she was Indian President but for their intrinsic worth.

One of them Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam though came of a humble origin and means rose to the level of the President of India was born on this day in the year 1931- 86 years ago in the South of India and brought glory as a great Space Scientist and the First Citizen of India!

The other finer side of his greatness besides as a Scientist, is that he was a secularist, Universalist, lover of fine arts and music, a nice veena player!

With my personal experience I recollect and share with you though already done a couple of years ago.

A lover of Karnatic music Kalam  loved
My Tamil translation of Thyagayya’s gems five proud
Listened personally sung by great artists at night
Ten at Madurai at the artists’ humble home- a delight!

A noble first citizen of Bharath – our homeland
Moved so freely with all in simple style- made wonderland
Lives ever in the minds of all- on that great day
We pay our respects to him in all humility this day.

Yes; I had the opportunity of translating the five gems of keerthanas on the Lord Rama – of Thyagabrammam of Thiruvaiyaru at the instance of a learned scholar on visishtadwaitha  of Kanchi Mutt, Tanilnadu- infact our first Prime Minister Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru inaugurating Thyagabranha Adadhana in Thiruvaiyaru in the year 1963 expressed his desire that such  great keerthanas of the Saint composer in Telugu must be translated into other Indian languages for the entire nation to get benefit!

My translation of the same  into Tamil and rendered by One of the leading Karnatic music vocalists- Smt. Ranganayaki of Madurai accompanied by her husband Sachidanandam on violin and Dr. K Thyagarajan on Mridangam and brought out in the form of CD reached Dr. Kalam through a common friend. Dr. Kalam greatly delighted at the translation and rendition wanted to hear the songs sung in person and on 13th Februaru 2015, he sent word to the musicians in Madurai that he will be visiting their home on that night to listen in person to the Pancha rathna keerthanas!

“ It was on that day former President of India His Excellency Dr. Abdul Kalam visited a humble musician couple living in Madurai to personally hear the great Pancharathna Keerthanas of Thiruvaiyru Thiyagaraja swamigal – Thyagabrammam-in Telugu translated into Tamil from the lips of the karnatic musician accompanied by her husband in violin and a co-musician in Mridhangam.

Dr. Kalam has already heard the renderings in Tamil through the CD which he came across through a common friend. He said that he was so impressed by the translation and the rendition that he used to hear one gem each day. Now utilizing his visit to Madurai he wanted to hear right from the troupe directly! Of course the musicians who with great efforts brought out the CD were making efforts to render the Keerthanas in the presence of the former President who loves Karnatic music, our culture, our traditions, our literature et all with all his heart.

After fulfilling a few engagements in the city of Madurai, he planned to visit the musicians in the night and accordingly he arrived at their humble residence at 9.30 in the night and spent an hour. The musicians were in an ecstatic mood and delighted to have a great and noble personality in their humble residence. As the public saw the former President’s convoy entered the street, there was a big surge to have a glance of Dr. kalam who indeed is “காட்சிக்கு எளியவன், கடுஞ்சொல்லன் அல்லன்” எனவே சிறந்த ஆட்சியாளனாக விளங்கியவர், உலகமே வியந்து பாராட்டப்பட்டவர்.

As Dr. kalam arrived he was received with a shawl and the team that rendered the “five gems” of the Saint composer was duly introduced. As he was eager to hear the melodious rendering of “ENTHARO MAHANUBAVULU”- “எத்தனையோ மகான்கள் அத்தனை பேருக்கும் வந்தனம்” it was rendered by the team-vocal accompanied by violin and mridhangam. The prestigious guest heard the rendering with great attention and his body language expressed it all- he was so enthralled with the translation and the rendering. Then he openly appreciated the artists profusely and said the translation was ideal. For decades he has been hearing this ‘keerthana’ without understanding the full meaning and import of the song. He enquired about the person who translated the ‘keerthanas’ and he was shown the profile of the translator and Dr. kalam read it with great joy. He requested the artists to convey his appreciation and compliments to the translator.”

Yes, it was a great day for the musical party, -‘a day never to be got in life ‘!

 

Such was the type of a man was Dr. Abdul Kalam  whose birth day is today 15th October.

And hence this Sunday Story!

 

The Saint Composer Thyagayya.

2

From left to right: Sachidanandam-Violinist, Ranfganayaki vocalist, Dr. Thiyagarajan Mridangist,  DR> A P J ABDUL KALAM being offered a shawl

 

 

ENVIUS THOUGHTS crosses 1,11,000 views.

I am glad to share with you that with the 121st view at 22.30 hours yesterday viz Saturday  the 14th October 2017, total views of ENVIUS THOUGHTS  crossed ONE LAKH  AND ELEVEN THOUSAND (1,11,000) from more than 210 countries  around the world on the 939th day and 1006th post, thanks to your support and encouragement. Kindly continue. Thanks aplenty.

 

 

WORLD STANDARDS DAY

World Standards Day is today to honor the efforts of experts
Who set the standards in areas different for all to explore
Follow and standardize the Global economy to benefit
For the society to be safe and prosperous and be in profit!

Standardization is needed today more of humans than goods
Things and services as what the society sees today is in woods
Thanks to degradation in moral standards, fall in ethical values
Demonetization of principles noble unfortunate!

Let all of us on this day pledge to keep up the standardsin all
The areas affecting peace and poise, health and happiness tall
And within the selves keeping great values as our standards
That is bound to bring heaven on this earth with God’s grace- branded!

 

ENVIUS THOUGHTS crosses 1,11,000 views.

I am glad to share with you that with the 121st view at 22.30 hours today viz Saturday  the 14th October 2017, total views of ENVIUS THOUGHTS  crossed ONE LAKH  AND ELEVEN THOUSAND (1,11,000) from more than 210 countries  around the world on the 939th day and 1006th post, thanks to your support and encouragement. Kindly continue. Thanks aplenty.

 

MUHARRAM on October First

 

Muharram the first month of the Islamic year is great
Second holiest month after Ramadan month- a treat
Muharam not a festival but a month long fasting
Almost mourning over Immam Hussain’s valiant death.

On Ashura, Muhammad’s grandson, Imman Hussain,
Died fighting in the Battle of Karbala almost fourteen
Centuries ago naturally a sad event mourned by all
Fasting , praying and mourning the day is spent all over.

Day differs among Shias and Sunnis in principle
All pious and devoted Muslims Allah’s disciples
And ofcourse on the sighting of the moon in the month
But a day sacred and holy all observing with faith.

 

INDIAN PERIODICAL

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Kindly click the content link read MAHAKAVI BHARATHIYAR my article and place your remarks on the space below the article itself for the benefit of other readers.Thanks.

N V Subbaraman

 

ENVIUS THOUGHTS crosses 1,09,000 views.

I am glad to share with you that with the 34th view at 07.00 hours yesterday viz Monday  the 2nd October 2017,- the holy day of Gandhi Jayanthi- total views of ENVIUS THOUGHTS  crossed ONE LAKH  AND NINE THOUSAND (1,09,000) from more than 210 countries  around the world on the 927th day and 994th post, thanks to your support and encouragement. Kindly continue. Thanks aplenty.

 

THIRUVALLUVAR INSPIRED GANDHI MAHAN!

Thiruvalluvar

inspires

Gandhi Mahan

Tomorrow is Gandhi Jayanthi Day – the 149th birth anniversary of Gandhi Mahan. I recollect my paper that was presented (in absentia) in the International Tirukkural Conference organized by FETNA in Washington DC in the year 2006. I share the same with my respected viewers on this holy occasion. It was re-presented in the Gandhi Peace Foundation Meeting in Chennai.

THE WORLD: The world in which we live and enjoy living is not to be simply dismissed as ‘full of sound and fury signifying nothing’ as expressed by Shakespeare through his character King Lear. The great world with its vast natural resources and human potential, flora and fauna, land and sea, deserts and forests, hills and dales, people with their different culture and language, civilization and behavior, intellect and intelligence, feelings and emotions is verily a heaven to enjoy not withstanding strife and wars, weaknesses and threats, trials and tribulations, struggles and sufferings!

NATION: A nation is not simply a geographical entity with earth and water, roads and buildings, but indeed is made up of men and women with their physical, intellectual, emotional and spiritual personalities fully blossomed. Various attributes such as kindness and humanism, valor and fearlessness, hard work and patriotism of the people and their contribution through art and literature of the highest type, language and grammar, culture and civilization make the nation great!

INDIA – A GREAT NATION: With one of the most ancient civilizations of the world, India with its age old culture and heritage has talked about the universal brotherhood and oneness of humanity and in fact has practiced the noble concept. This core philosophy treats the entire universe as one family. India has provided inspiration to several countries of the world to become free. North and South, East and West all over the world look to India for peace and serenity. In that way Mahakavi Bharathiyar was right when he declared in ecstasy that India is a great nation in the world!

TAMILNADU – ITS CONTRIBUTION TO INDIA AND THE WORLD: With its ancient civilization and rich heritage, Tamilnadu, has contributed in enormous measure for the progress and greatness of India through its language and literature, scientific achievements and technological attainments, economic development and social advancement, patriotic leadership and political niceties, unassailable laws of good governance, advanced principles in archaeology and architecture, agriculture and engineering, medicines and technology – all lending colour to the glory of India!
TAMIL: One of the most ancient languages yet vibrant and dynamic with its inexhaustible thoughts in every realm influencing humanity through its art and literature has provided guidelines for happy living, just governance, noble behavior etc. A classical language with richness of grammar and vastness of literature, scintillating thoughts and inspiring philosophy has contributed splendidly for building up the national character and human values.

THIRUVALLUVAR: He is one of the greatest thinkers the world has witnessed. Born more than 2300 years ago in the famous city of Chennai in India, he, through his magnum opus Thirukkural’, has given the art and science of life and living. When the values propounded are practiced truthfully, it will surely bring the unseen heaven to this very earth. Hardly there is any subject in the world that has not been dealt with by Thiruvalluvar and that in fact has made this work universally accepted as common scripture of eternal truths. This is probably the only work that has been translated into more than ninety languages of the world, of course, excepting Bible and Quoran, which are the valued possession of the respective religions. That indicates the universality of the great work. Monumental contribution and rarest gift of Tamilnadu to India and the world are versatile Saint Thiruvalluvar and his marvelous Thirukkural!

MAHATMA GANDHI: He is one of the greatest human beings the world has come across. Who is he? Is he a philosopher, thinker, political leader, spiritual head, a great Barrister- at- Law, the greatest leader of Indian nationalism, champion of the downtrodden, a great votary of peace and nonviolence, a messiah for the oppressed classes, a great saint or a venerable yogi who made his life an experiment with truth?

KARAM CHAND GANDHI TO GANDHI MAHAN AN ARDUOUS PATH: Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869. He died as Gandhi Mahan on 30th January 1948. In the course of 79 years – who was sure to cross 100 years as he himself declared, but for the assassin’s bullet – M K Gandhi became Gandhi Nahan and what made him so is an important dimension to be deeply deliberated by all and in particular the youth of today. Gandhians would say that he became a Mahan not through a path of roses but through an arduous path. He carefully treaded the path shown by Thiruvalluvar all his life.

THIRUVALLUVAR INSPIRED GANDHI MAHAN: It is a misfortune in the society that a great work of human science and art of life and living – the Thirukkural is – seems to be used only for academic purposes and not beyond. Academically research is made, Doctoral degree is obtained, seminars and conferences are conducted, papers are presented displaying depth of knowledge and mastery of the individuals in this universal scripture, school text books contain a chapter or two for memorization for examination purposes, competitions are organized in recitation, volumes are written on the theme and content of Kural and rewritten, translated works are brought out at different levels and at different places in different languages-all at an academic level.
It is unfortunate that our youth and elders in general, when referred to, are not in a position to remember and recite, not to speak of following the injunctions of Thirukkural in their day-to-day life! It is more unfortunate that even the authorities in Thirukkural do not appear to follow the great thoughts of Thiruvalluvar and put them into practice in their life. A great movement is called for to make the people follow the tenets of Valluvam! Surely this is not the outburst of a pessimist or a frustrated mind but an expression of the anxiety of a devotee of Thiruvalluvar who sincerely feels that the well being of the society depends on the arduous practice of what Valluvar has preached. Voice of Valluvar is indeed the guiding star that can lead the humanity in the path of virtues – virtues of kindness and hospitality, sweet speech and gratitude, equity and self control, good decorum and forgiveness, charity and compassion, nonviolence and non- killing, renunciation and desirelessness, truthfulness and free from jealousy etc. which are bound to elevate the human beings to the level of divine beings. Indeed herein lies the peace and harmony of the society! Silver lining in the present day society is the active service rendered by the organizations like the Mayilai Thiruvalluvar Tamil Sangam, Chennai, International Society for Tamil Cultural Studies, Madurai, the Thamizh Associations of Greater Washington USA, the Federations of Tamil Sangams of North America and similar organizations who are involved in genuine efforts to bring in an awareness in the society on the need to put into practice the Valluvam in life through their tremendous activities. In this Scenario it is relevant and significant to recall how inspired by Valluvam, Mahatma Gandhi practiced the same and proved that Valluvam is not a Utopian ideal but a practical proposition. Gandhiji said “I learnt Tamil only to enable me to study Thiruvalluvar’s Kural through his mother tongue itself. There is none who has given such a treasure of wisdom like him!” Gandhiji’s respect for Thiruvalluvar and regards for Thirukkural can be seen in a note he published in his journal ‘Harijan’ dated 6th July 1935 under the Caption “Tamil Holy Book”. “Thiruvalluvar is a Tamil saint. Tradition says that he is a weaver. He gave us the famous Thirukkural -holy maxims described by the Tamils as the Tamil Veda and Mariel expressed this as one of the highest and purest expressions of human thought! The maxims number 1330. There are several English translations. The late V.V.S. Iyer has produced the latest translation. To wet the reader’s appetite, I quote two maxims at random. “Take not away from any living thing that the life that is sweet unto all, even if it be to save their own”. Compare Goldsmith “No flocks that range the valley free To slaughter I condemn Taught by the power that pities me I learn to pity them.” The other selection is ‘Death is like unto sleep and life is like the waking after that sleep’ Compare Wordsworth’s ‘Death is but a sleep and forgetting’
Gandhiji’s philosophy and thoughts, views and values were to a great extent inspired by the thoughts of Valluvar. Gandhi in fact has made several references to Thirukkural on various occasions. They inspired him to lead the life as shown by Thiruvalluvar.
VALLUVAM- A UTOPIAN IDEAL OR PRACTICAL PROPOSITION? Valluvam is not a set of Utopian ideals but surely a practical proposition. The message conveyed by Thiruvalluvar in his couplets on various aspects of human life can be practically followed if one makes an honest attempt and sincere efforts. They are practical tips prescribed by a great thinker whether on God or religion, people or society, education or medicine, agriculture or good governance, friendship or enmity, economics or management – every dimension influencing human life and living!

CARDINAL VALUES CHERISHED BY MAHAN: Gandhi Mahan’s thoughts on universality of God and virtues, the need for ahimsa and vegetarianism, womanhood and self control, righteousness and truthfulness, agriculture and medicines, friendship and enmity, non discrimination and renunciation, humanism and social cooperation, fear of evil and hypocrisy, avoidance of fraud and alcoholism, compassion and wisdom, non-violence and non-killing, desirelessness and purity in action, courage and fortitude, gambling and governance were shaped by Valluvam and that indeed is the secret of Mohandas Karam Chand Gandhi blossoming into Gandhi Mahan!
Great Tamil Scholar Mu. Varadharasanar attributed the greatness of Mahatma Gandhi to his assiduous adherence to ‘truthfulness’ known as ‘vaimai’ in Tamil. “Ullathhalpoyyadhu ozhugin ulagaththaar;
Ullaththul ellaam ulan (Kural 294).
He lives in loving hearts of all. Who serves the truth serene in soul, (in English by Yogi Suddhananda Bharathi).
Yes. He titled his autobiography as “The Story of My Experiments with Truth”. He says “These will of course include experiments with non-violence, celibacy and other principles of conduct believed to be distinct from truth. But for me, truth is the sovereign principle, which includes numerous other principles. This truth is not only truthfulness in word, but truthfulness in thought also, not only the relative truth of our conception, but the Absolute Truth, the Eternal principle, that is God”.”
“Manaththukkann maasilan aadhal anaithu aran
Aagula neera pira” (Kural 343)
In Spotless mind virtue is found and not in show and swelling sound. (YSB) Gandhi proved that it is possible to reach the heights of renunciation and yet serve the society.
“Ozhukkaththu neeththaar perumai Vizhuppaththu
Venndum panuval thunivu ” (Kural 21).
No merit can be held so high. As theirs who sense and self deny. (Y Suddhananada Bharathi.)
He was one leader who led the millions of Indians to freedom and self- respect as well as to a refurbishing of spiritual values. Gandhi believed in the power of virtue. “Virtue is the sole path to the attainment of all good, including wealth and love, in this life, the next one in the cycle and in the final release”. According to Thiruvalluvar
“Sirappu eenwn, selvamum eenum, araththinoongu
Aakkam evanoe uyirku” (Kural 31)
“From virtue zeal and wealth outflow
what greater good can mankind know?” (YSB).
‘Virtue only finds eternal fame’ and Gandhi virtually led a virtuous life throughout. Now let us see how Gandhi lived his life as an example for the Kural. “Anbilaar ellaam thamakuriyar; anbudayaar
Enbum uriyarpirarkku” (Kural 72)
“To selves belong the loveless ones.
To others the loving e’en to bones.” (YSB).
This kural though appears to mean the self-effacing love of a member of the family, its real import would cover all the self-sacrificing great men of the world. Inspired by this, Gandhi belonged to the Nation to the very last drop of his blood. Mahatma Gandhi loved his fellowmen intensely. It was this all encompassing and self-sacrificing love that transformed the shy and self effacing Bar at Law, led Mohan Das Karam Chand Gandhi into one of the greatest men of the world. It was this virtue that gave the Mahatma his soul strength that enabled him to wrest India’s independence from British rulers in a manner not seen by the world earlier.
When unfortunately communal riots broke out in the aftermath of partition and brought a holocaust in Punjab, it was his strength of the soul which made no discrimination on the basis of caste and community that kept peace in Calcutta and East Bengal as a single man boundary force. Ultimately it was this compassion that led Gandhiji to the sacrificial altar.
Three toy monkeys kept on the desk of mahatma Gandhi speaks volume of inspiration Gandhiji got from the Kural
“Ozhukkamudayavarkku ollaave theeya
Vazhukkiyum vaayaar solal” (Kural 139)
“Foul words will never come from lips
Of righteous men even by slips” (YSB)
Yes! A man of righteousness will not speak evil even by an unconscious slip. Such a man will see no evil, hear no evil and speak no evil. Mahatma always held this principle high and followed throughout his lifetime
Forbearance is a great virtue to be acquired through sustained efforts. “Oruthaarku orunaalai inbam; poruththaarkku
Ponrunthunaiym pugazh” (Kural 156)
“Revenge accords but one day’s joy
Patience arises praise for age” (YSB):
For the sake of short lived satisfaction of having taken it out on the opponent “an eye for an eye and the tooth for tooth” it is unwise to give up the permanent reward of forbearance which is really the esteem of good man for all time. Temporarily one may be happy with the feeling that he has achieved what he intended but in due curse it will lead to ruinous loss. Hence it is not wise to sacrifice the greater gains for the fleeting pleasure. Gandliiji followed this message meticulously while dealing with the incorrigible Britishers till he could secure freedom or succeed in South Africa and he has in his life, time and again, demonstrated the glory of forbearance effectively.
Mahatma Gandhi was waging a war against the British, of course, on the plank of ‘Non violence’. But then, he never considered the British as his enemies. In South Africa, though M K Gandhi was kicked off by a policeman from the train, he did not nurture any animosity against the policeman but he organized Indians against the racial discrimination. Gandhi’s inspiration was
“Thiranalla tharpirar seyyinum noenondhu
Aranalla seyyaamai nanru” (Kural 157)
“Though others cause you wanton pain
Grieve not, from unjust harm refrain” (YSB)
The essence of goodness is not to avenge even though one may be badly hurt by a personal wrong sustained, mowed down with the assassin’s bullet, one wonders whether he was praying for himself and those in his prayer meeting or for his assassin himself. He could have been doing both”-Dr.S M Diaz.
Mahatma Gandhi’s economic philosophy was based on social justice that when a person earns, for what ever is left beyond required to meet his needs , he must act as a trustee of the surplus to be spent for the benefit of the Society- else he is to be taken as a thief. Gandhi’s inspiration for this value flows from Thiruvallur’s “Thaalatrithandha porulellaam thakkaarku
Velaanmai seiydhar poruttu” (Kural 212) ”
“All the wealth that toils give
Is meant to serve those who deserve.” (YSB)
The purpose of working hard and earning wealth is to practice the right type of benevolence – to share it, distribute it dutifully for the benefit of all the deserving in the society. The point here is not mere alms giving but Social Justice.
Rajaji says “Wealth is not to be earned for the purpose of self indulgence or for satisfaction of greed. Wealth should be treated as the society’s instrument of helpfulness. The word ‘velaanmai’ is not just helpfulness but helpfulness combined with a sense of duty”. Gandhiji preached and practiced this message of Thiruvallur idea of positive helpfulness- till the end of his life. Gandhi’s political, social, economic philosophy was based on ‘Compassion’- an ascetic virtue. Compassion is the all-encompassing love that a person of virtue develops in respect of all living creatures, in his steady progress towards righteousness. In the evolution of the virtue ‘Compassion’ first the love and care of the wife and children then the kith and kin and friends, thereafter the immediate community and finally the entire world – human, plant and animal- animate and inanimate. It is indeed the fully spirited ‘Compassion’ is the most valuable wealth, the other wealth of material possessions could be found even with the worst of men. “Arutchelvam selvaththull selvam, porutchelvam
Pooriyar kannumm ula” (Kural 241)
“The wealth of wealth is wealth of grace
Earthly wealth even the basest has” (YSB)
It was compassion arising out of the early exposure and experience of Mahatma Gandhi to the racialism of South Africa and to the ignorance, poverty and disease of the millions of his motherland that led him through the path of social reform, constructive work and political freedom to the supreme sacrifice that he consummated at the alter of his own principles and convictions for the people. Mahatma Gandhi, as seen earlier, named his Autobiography the “Story of his experiment with Truth”. He was a staunch seeker of truth- he found Truth in God and God in Truth. His definition of truth is not merely not telling lies. Truth is nonviolence, compassion, service to mankind, knowledge etc. According to Thiruvalluvar ‘truth’ is ‘speech that is free from all evil’. Truth is not if it is spoken to further some wrong. The acid test of truth for right conduct is essential harmlessness.
“Vaaimai enappaduvadhu ydadhenin yaadhonrum
Theemai ilaadha solal” (Kural 291)
“If’ what is truth?’ the question be
It is to speak out evil free” (YSB)
This is the concept of ‘Sathya’ – truthfulness preached and practiced by Mahatma Gandhi from schooldays to the end of his life.
Mahatma Gandhi inspired by Thiruvalluvar’s
“Yaakaavaaraayinum naa kaakka kaavaakkaal
Sockaappar jollizhukku pattu” (Kural 127)
“Rein the tongue if nothing else
Or slips of tongue bring all the woes.” (YSB)
“Iniya ulavaaga innaadha kooral
Kaniyimppa kaay kavarndhatru” (Kural 100)
“Leaving ripe fruits the raw he eats
Who speaks harsh words when sweet word suits ” (YSB)
Gandhiji wrote in ‘Young India’ of 17th September 1925
“one should speak the truth in gentle language. One had better not speak it, if one cannot do so in a gentle way; meaning thereby that there is no truth in a man who cannot control his tongue”!
“Aravinai yaadhenil kollaamai koaral
Piravinai ellaamtharum” (Kural 321)
“What is virtue? It is not to kill.
For killing causes every ill.” (YSB)
The avoidance of the sin of killing is itself an outstanding virtue and the failure to observe the code of non- killing will bring about sins of all description.
To Mahatma Gandhi Ahimsa means not only non- killing but in fact it is universal love. It is nonviolence, a soul force or the power of Godhood within us. We become Godlike to the extent we realize non-violence. Ahimsa is not merely a negative state of harmlessness, but it is a positive state of love, of doing good even to the evil doer. We should love even those who hate us. Gandhiji believed that the doctrin of harmlessness is the basis for all the ultimate solution of all violence and wars in the world and taught his most cherished principle of Ahimsa – nonviolence – non-killing. He taught it by principle and practice. He built a whole national movement for freedom on it and finally succeeded to the surprise of the entire world. Of Course Gandhiji’s principle of Ahimsa was a larger concept as seen above with the idea on non- violence extending beyond just non-killing. All are aware of Gandhiji’s plea for vegetarianism. Even to save one’s own life, it is unethical and sinful to take another’s life. Gandhi and his family while in South Africa rigidly abstained from animal soups including cow’s milk even on medical advice. Gandhiji’s concept of non-violence is the non-violence of the strong and not the weak.
“Thannuyir neeppinum settarka thaan piridhu
Innuyir neekkum vinai” (Kural 327)
“Kill not life that other’s cherish
Even when your life must perish” (YSB)
This was obviously his inspiration (derived from valluvam) which he himself meticulously followed and practiced. Mahatma Gandhi is reported to have liked the kural
“Uranguvadhu poalum saakkaadu urangi
Vizhipadhu poalum pirappu” (Kural 339)
“Death is like a slumber deep
And birth like waking from that sleep”. and quoted frequently.
True learning transcends the frontiers of countries, wherever they are situated in the world – languages and cultures. For the learned, the process of learning other languages, literature and culture is a continuous process. Formal education can at best be the beginning of the process of real learning. A man of learning would never close the windows of his mind, to refreshing new winds from different avenues of learning, from all sources and at all times. Inspired by
“Yaadhaanum naadaamaal ooraamaal ennoruvan
Saanthunaiyum kallaadhavaaru” (Kural 397)
“All lands and towns are learner’s own
Why not till death learning go on” (YSB)
Mahatma Gandhi learnt and imbibed much of the basics for his life’s work from Tolstoy, Ruskin and Thoreau much later than his regular education in India and abroad was completed. On means and ends, Mahatma Gandhi observed in Young India of 14th August 1924 as below: “They say ‘means are after all means’. I would say ‘means are after all everything’. As the means so the end. There is no wall of separation between means and end. Realization of the goal is in exact proportion to that of the means. This is a proposition that admits no exception”. On 11th December 1924 he supplemented. ” However much I may sympathize with and admire worthy motives, I am an uncompromising opponent of violent methods even to serve the noblest of the causes”. This was inspired by
“Ellaadha ennnni seyalvendum thammodu
Kollllaadha kolllladhu ulagu” (Kural 470)
“Do deeds above reproachfulness
The world refutes uncomely mess” (YSB)
The prince will never act in a manner that the enlightened world despises, as regards worthiness of ends and means. Any act, not in keeping with princely standards of end and means, will only bring him public disgrace. Valluvar’s concept of ‘means justifying the end was so dear to mahatma’s heart that he followed the same throughout his life – his struggle and success in Pretoria or Champaran, Nowkali or Ahmedabad!
“Arul karudhi anbudayar aadhal pond karudhi
Pochaappu paarpaarkann” (Kural 285)
“Love and grace are not their worth
Who watch to waylay dozer’s wealth”. (YSB)
The implication is that those, who are just waiting for an opportunity to approach other’s possession, can never progress along the path of righteousness. Observance of non-stealing or absence of fraud is indeed deemed to be a virtue. Deeply inspired by the above, Mahatma Gandhi said the “theft may be termed external or physical theft. There is besides another kind of theft subtler and far more degrading to the human spirit. It is theft mentally to desire acquisition of anything belonging to others or to cast a greedy eye on it.
Inspired by Thiruvalluvar’s strong injunction against liquor, Mahatma Gandhi exhorted his Congress party and congressmen to work more vigorously in this area. He wrote “Although like communal unity and removal of untouchability, prohibition has been on the Congress programme since 1920, congressmen did not take that interest.
MAHATMA GANDHI- THE TRUE PRACTITIONER OF VALLVAM: The above exposition and a close study of the life and philosophy of Mahatma Gandhi will amply prove that he literally designed his programmes based on the injunctions prescribed by Thiruvalluvar and that he was indeed one of the staunch practitioners of Valluvam indicating that Thirukkural is not a set of Utopian ideals but is a practical proposition!
References:
1. Thirukkural – Nectar of Life by Dr. Cheyon. Mayilai Thiruvalluvar Thamizh Sangam, Chennai. Year 2003 (with translation of Thirukural couplets by Sudhanandha Bharathi)
2. Tirukkural – Dr. S M Diaz published by Dr. N Mahalingam, Coimbatore. Year 2000
3. The Selected Works of Mahatma Gandhi Vol. 1 Story of My Experiments with Truth Vol. 2 Sathyagraha in South Africa Vol. 3 The Basic Works Vol. 4 Selected Letters Vol. 5 The Voice of Truth Navajivan Publishing House, Ahamedabad. Yr.November 1968
4. Thirukkural Thelivurai by Dr. Mu. Varadharasanar. TTSSNPK Chennai 1983.

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NAVARAATHRI SONG

 

 

Here is a great song of Mahakavi Bharathiyaar on Navaraathri Goddesses.
நவராத்திரிப் பாட்டு
பராசக்தி
மாதா பராசக்தி வையமெலாம் நீ நிறைந்தாய்!
ஆதாரம் உன்னையல்லால் ஆரெமக்குப் பாரினிலே
ஏதாயினும் வழிநீ சொல்வாய் எம துயிரே!
வேதாவின் தாயே! மிகப்பணிந்து வாழ்வோமே! (1)

வாணி
வாணி கலைத் தெய்வம் மணிவாக் குதவ்டுவாள்
ஆணிமுத்தைப் போல அறிவுமுத்து மாலையினாள்
காணுகின்ற காட்சியாய்க் காண்பதெலாங்காட்டுவதாய்
மாணுயர்ந்து நிற்பாள் மலரடியே சூழ்வோமே. (2)
ஸ்ரீதேவி
பொன்னரசி நாரணார் தேவி புகழரசி
மின்னுநவ ரத்தினம்போல் மேனி யழகுடையாள்
அன்னையவள் வையமெலாம் ஆதரிப்பாள், ஸ்ரீதேவி
தன்னிரு பொற்றாளே சரண் புகுந்து வாழ்வோமே. (3)

பார்வதி
மலையிலே தான் பிறந்தாள் சங்கரனை மாலையிட்டாள்
உலையிலே யூதி உலகக் கனல் வளர்ப்பாள்
நிலையில் உயர்த்திடுவாள் நேரே அவள் பாதம்
தலையிலே தாங்கித் தரணிமிசை வாழ்வோமே. (4)

TRANSLITERATION

NAVARAATHRI SONG
Paraasakthi

Maathaa paraasakthi vaiuamelaam nee niraindhaay!
Aadhaaram unnaiyallaal aaramekkup paarinilae
Aedhaayinum vazimee solvaay emadhuyirae!
Vaedhaavin thaayae! MidappaNindhu vaazhvoamae. (1)

VAANI
VaaNikalaith dheyvam maNivaak kudhaviduvaaL
AaNimuththaippoala arivumuthtu maalaiyinaaL
KaaNukinra kaatchiyaayk kaaNpathelaangkaatuvadhaay
MaaNuyarndhu nirpaL malaradiyae soozvoamae. (2)

Sreedhaevi
Ponnarasi naaraNaar dhaevi pugazarasi
Minnunavaraththinam poal maeniyazhagudaiyaaL
AnnaiyavaL vaiyamelaam aasharippaaL, Sreedhaevi
Thanniru potraaLaesaraN pugundhu vaazvoamae. (3)

Paarvathi
Malaiyilae thaan pirandhaaL sankaranai maalaiyittaaL
Ulaiyilae yoodhi ulagak kanal vaLarppaaL
Nilaiyil uyarththiduvaaL naerae avaL paadham
thalaiyilae thaangith tharaNimisai vaazvoamae. (4)

TRANSLTION
Navarathri Song

1.Parasakthi
Mother Parasakthi, you do pervade and fill
All worlds! Other than you, who is our support true?
Show us some way, oh our Life, Mother of Brahma!
We do adore you meekly and thus will we live.
2. Vani
Vanim Goddess of Arts, will grant us utterances, all gems!
She wears a Wreath of Wisdom, like a chain of pure pearls!
As sight and as the revealer of all that is seen
She stands majestic; we will Her flower feet hail!
3. Sree Devi.
The golden queen, Vishnu’s Devi, the queen of fame!
Her body sports the sheen of the nine precious gems!
She is the nurturing Mother, Goddess of Wealth!
We take refuge in Her golden feet twain to thrive.
4. Parvati
She was born to the mountain; She married Siva
She tends the oven and thus the Cosmic Flame;
She is of lofty stature non-pareil; we wear
Her feet on our head to flourish well on earth!

OBEISANCE TO GODDESS OF KNOWLEDGE (Today is Saraswati Puja Day 29th September)

 

 

 

 Goddess of Knowledge Sri Saraswathi 

Today is the ninth day of Dussehra Festival observed as SARASWATHY PUJA

Here is Bharathiyar’ s obeisance to the Goddess of Learning and knowledge –SARASWATHI.

. Mahakavi Bharathiyar has sung in praise of GODDESS SARASWATHI in his epic poem PANJALI SABATHAM based on the Indian epic Mahabharatha. Two of his songs in original and my translation in English are given in this week’s Indian Periodical.

God/Goddess of Learning and Knowledge in other faiths:

“Minerva” of Rome,

“Huginn and Munin” of the Norse religion,

“Allah” of Islam,

“Jesus Christ” of Christianity.

SARASWATHI

Sits on the petals of white lotus
Dwelling in splendid and great status
Great melodious music she likes
Keeps that stringed organ veena in hands
Similar to great divine nectar
To pour Tamil words in her altar
Right from my childhood she came and blessed
To take care of me, my skills well dressed! (1)

வெள்ளைக் கமலத்திலே அவள்
veLLaik kamalaththilE
வீற்றிருப்பாள், புகழேற்றிருப் பாள்
VeetriruppaaL pugazEtriruppaaL
கொள்ளைக் கனியிசை தான் – நன்கு
koLLaik kaniyisai thaan – nangu
கொட்டு நல் யாழினைக் கொண்டிருப்பாள்
kottunal yaazinaik koNdiruppaaL
கள்ளைக் கடலமுதை – நிகர்
kaLLaik kadalamudhai – nigar
கண்டதோர் பூந்தமிழ்க் கவிசொல வே
kaNdadhoar poondha,mizk kavisola vae
பிள்ளைப் பருவத் திலே – எனைப்
PiLLaip paruvaththilae – enaip
பேண வந் தாளருள் பூணவந் தாள்!
PaeNavandhaaL aruL pooNavandhaaL.

In her eyes, Vedas she beholds nice
With lovely eyetex she brushed as spice
Sharp, wide knowledge and power she has
Thoughts and sweetness through flute she plays
Logic and psychology abound
She wears ear stud the strength around
Wisdom she breaths in and out through nose (2)

வேதத் திருவிழியாள் – அதில்
vedhath thiruviziyaaz – adhil
மிக்கபல் லுரையெனும் கருமையிட்டாள்,
mikkapa lluraiyenum karumaiyittaaL
சீதக் கருமதியே – நுதல்
Seedhak karumadhiyae – nudhal
சிந்தனையே குழ லென்றுடை யாள்;
SindhanaiyE kuzalendrudai yaaL
வாதத் தருக்க மெஞ் – செவி
Vaadhath tharukka nenj – chevi
வாய்ந்ததற் றுணிவெனுந் தோடணிந்தாள்,
Vaayndhathathat ruNivenundh thoadaNindhaaL
போதமென் நாசியி னாள் -நவம்
Boadhamen naasiyinaaL – navam
பொங்கு பல்சாத்திர வாயுடையாள்.
Pongu palsaaththira vaayudaiyaaL.

In English

On the petals of white lotus
She is seated majestically.
Melodious songs quite sweet flow
From her lovely stringed instrument veena
Like intoxicating nectar from seas
With her beautiful Tamil songs and music
In my days of childhood pleasant
She came and nurtured me with her grace.

With eyes of scriptures-the Vedas
Her eyebrows brushed with black color
Her lips were like sun rays and beams
Thoughts noble were her hair
Her ears for logic and discussions
Her ear stead was will power and moral strength
Her nose was knowledge
Her mouth filled with noble laws of life.

Tamil

கற்பனைத் தேனிதழாள்- சுவைக்
காவிய மெனுமணிக் கொங்கையினாள்
சிற்ப முதற்கலை கள்பல
தேமலர்க் கரமெனத் திகழ்ந்திருப்பாள்.
சொற்படு நயமறிவார் –இசை
தோய்ந்திடத் தொகுப்பதின் சுவையறிவார்
விற்பனத் தமிழ்ப்புல வோர் – அந்த
மேலவர் நாவெனும் மலர்ப்பதத்தாள்.

வாணியைச் சரண் புகுந்தேன்
வாக்களிப் பாளெனத் திடமிகுந்தேன்;
பேணியல் பெருந்தவத் தாள் – நிலம்
பெயரள வும்பெயர் பெயராதாள்;
பூணியல் மார்பகத் தாள் ஐவர்
பூவை திரௌபதி புகழ்க் கதையை
மாணியல் தமிழ்ப்பாட்டால் – நான்
வகுத்திடக் கலைமகள் வாழ்த்துகவே!

Transliteration

Karpanaith thaenidhalaazh – suvaik
kaaviyamenumaNik kongaiyinaa L
Sirpa mutharkalai kaLpala
Thaemalark karamenath thigazndhiruppaaL.
Sorpadu nayamarivaar –isai
Thoayndhidath thoguppadhin suvaiyarivaar.
Virpanath thamizppula voar – andha
Maelavar naavenum malarp padhaththaaL.

VaaNiyaich charaN pugundhaen – aruL
VaakaLip paaLenath thidamigundhaen;
PaeNiyal perundhavath thaaL – nilam
peyaraLa vumpeyar peyaraa dhal.
PooNiyal maarpagath thaaL aivar
Poovai dhiravpadhi pugazk kadhaiyai
MaaNiyal thamizh paattaal  – naan
Vaguththidak kalaimagaL vaazhththukavae!

TRANSLATION:

Her lips –honeyed imagination
Her breast –sweet diamond literature
Her flowery hands are fine arts
Like paintings and drawings
Beauty of words and terms knows she
Tastes the sweetness of songs and music
Talented Tamil scholars are at
The holy feet of flower decked Goddess.

I surrendered at the feet of Goddess
Of Learning knowing HER grace will be on me.
Her penance and grace protects me
Solid as earth gives knowledge to all.
Jewells decked chest she has
The story of the Five and the greatness of
Droupathi’s history and story
In excellent Tamil verse, I write
Goddess of Learning to bless my efforts!

Bharathiyar in this Invocation verse to the Goddess of Learning-Saraswathi,  invokes HER blessings and grace to complete his yet another epic poems- PANCHALI SABATHAM-

On the pretty petals of the white Lotus!   (வெள்ளைத் தாமரைப் பூவிலிருப்பாள்)

According to Hinduism, Goddess of Learning , knowledge and wisdom is Goddess Saraswathi. Mahakavi Bharathiyaar has written 10 verses under the above caption. First in Tamil and its translation in English by Me are given above. 

In ENGLISH

Dwelling on the petals of white lotus
In the melodious sound of Veena
In the minds of the bards giving poems
Those give joy to the people of status
In search of the meaning inner of Vedas
Sacred meaning of the words of seers
Dwells the Mother of knowledge and power
On the pretty petals of the lovely lotus!                                  (1)

IN TAMIL ORIGINAL

வெள்ளைத் தாமரைப் பூவிலிருப்பாள்!
வெள்ளைத் தாமரைப் பூவில் இருப்பாள்
வீணை செய்யும் ஒலியில் இருப்பாள்
கொள்ளை யின்பம் குலவு கவிதை
கூறு பாவலர் உள்ளத் திருப்பாள்!
உள்ள தாம்பொருள் தேடியுணர்ந்தே
ஓதும் வேதத்தின் உள்நின் றொளிர்வாள்
கள்ள மற்ற முனிவர்கள் கூறும்
கருணை வாசகத் துட்பொருளாவாள்!

Transliteration

VeLLaith thaamaraip poovil iruppaaL
VeeNai seyyum oliyil iruppaaL
KoLLai inbam kulavu kavidhai
Kooru paavalar uLLath thiruppaaL!
ULLa thaamporuL thaediyuNarndhae
Oadhum vaedhaththin uLnin roLirvaaL
KaLLa matra munivargaL koorum
KaruNai vaasagath utporuLaavAAL!

Translation in English

Dwelling in the sweet voice of women
In the blabbers of the tiny tots
In the melodious voice of the cuckoo
In the repeat words of the lovely parrot
In the faultless art and drawings of the temple
In all the beauties of the world we see
In the mould of joy, peace and poise
Dwells the Mother of knowledge and power
On the pretty petals of the lovely lotus!                                   (2)

Original in Tamil

மாதர் தீங்குரற் பாட்டில் இருப்பாள்
மக்கள் பேசும் மழலையில் உள்ளாள்;
கீதம் பாடும் குயிலின் குரலைக்
கிளியின் நாவை இருப்பிடங் கொண்டாள்;
கோத கன்ற தொழிலுடைத் தாகிக்
குலவு சித்திரம் கோபுரம் கோயில்
ஈதனைத்தின் எழிலுடை யுற்றாள்
இன்பமே வடிவாகிடப் பெற்றாள்!

Transliteration

Maadhar theengrar paattil iruppaaL
MakkaL paesum mazhalaiyil iruppaaL
Geetham paadum kuyilin kuralaik
KiLiyin naavai iruppidang koNdaaL;
Koadhakanra thoziludaiththaagik
Kulavu siththiram goapuram koayil
Eedhanaiththin ezhiludai yutraaL
Inbamae vadivaagidap petraaL!

Translation in English

Family God of the people who labor
Faultless and honest who seek their living
In the hearts of the iron-smith and artists
Those who earn their living in business true
Chant the God’s names in reverence and awe
All who seek her blessings and favor
In the universe gives knowledge superior
Dwells the Mother of knowledge and power
On the pretty petals of the lovely lotus!            (3)

Original in Tamil

வஞ்சமற்ற தொழில்புரிந் துண்டு
வாழும் மாந்தர் குலதெய்வ மாவாள்
வெஞ்ச மர்க்குயி ராகிய கொல்லர்
வித்தை யோர்ந்திடு சிற்பியர், தச்சர்
மிஞ்ச நற்பொருள் வாணிகஞ் செய்வோர்,
வீரமன்னர்பின் வேதியர் யாரும்
தஞ்ச மென்று வணங்கிடுந் தெய்வம்,
தரணி மீதறி வாகிய தெய்வம்!

Transliteration

Vanjamatra thozhilpurin dhuNdu
Vaazhum maandhar kula dheyvamaavaaL
Venja markkuyi raakiya kollar
Vidhdhai yoarndhidu sirpiyar thachchar
Minja narporuL vaaNiganj cheyvoar,
Veera mannar pin vaedhiyar yaarum
TharaNi meedhari vaakiya dheyvam!