International Children’s Day is today First June- a great day indeed!

The World Conference for the Well-being of Children in Geneva, Switzerland,

Announced June 1 to be International Children’s Day in Nineteen Twenty Five.

Normally obser5ved with speeches on children’s rights and wellbeing,

And other events involving or dedicated to children.

A similar event, Universal Children’s Day, falls on 20 November.

It was established by the United Nations in Nineteen Fifty Four.

Aims to promote the welfare of children around the world.

In India Children’s Day is observed on Fourteenth November

Birth day of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru – who loved children more than himself!

Jawaharlal Nehru had immense hope and confidence in the children of India

As they “can play together without thinking of differences

He established Children’s Film Society India in Nineteen Fifty Five

And Indian children could see themselves represented.

He enabled the establishment of some very prominent educational institutions in India.

It was his vision that led to the establishment of AIIMS for medicine,

IITs for engineering and the IIMs for management studies.

Nehru’s legacy continues to educate the children of India.

He said, “The children of today will make the India of tomorrow.

The way we bring them up will determine the future of the country.

 This philosophy is expressed in the letters written by him to

 Indira Gandhi, his daughter, when she was a young girl.

The letters were published as books. Letters from a Father to His Daughter (1929)

And Glimpses of World History (1934) have gained fame as children’s non-fiction

Because, as Deepa Agarwal writes, “any child can respond to their warm,

Affectionate tone and his lucid and spontaneous style. The wealth of information

Woven into them and his unique approach to historical facts is an added bonus.

Communicating humanist values”. children have lot of fun activities on this day,

Ranging from wonderful morning assemblies to dance party’.

Children are the center of attraction during this day and many schools

Host a party on this day to make children feel special.

31/05/2023:BYE TO TOBACCO!


Man is born free but ever in chains! Pity it is indeed!
Chain of slavery-slave to another or habits-bad seed
To come out need will power, spirit of freedom, character
Sure to be acquired at all costs lest one is doomed to suffer!

Bad habits are many in the society causes many
Friendship-‘tell me who is your friend, I shall tell you who you are’
Words of the wise! My friend is a smoker,I am likely to be
Pity ‘My friend is a drunkard, I am likely to be’.

World no tobacco day is today-to tell me to avoid
It in any form-cigarette, cigar, snuff powder, beedi
Hookah, kretex Chewing, smoking and what not- all nicotine
Lungs are spoiled-cancer follows, passively affects me too!



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Agni Nakshatram is viewed as the pinnacle of the summer season. It is the period when Sun or Surya goes through the star Krittika which is otherwise called Agni Nakshatra. Committed to Lord Murugan, the period denotes the beginning of the mid-year season and as indicated by the Hindu calendar schedule, it relates to the long stretch of May-June. The period is commended as Agni Nakshatram celebration and is praised with energy and enthusiasm in the territory of Tamil Nadu.

Also read | Masik Shivratri 2020: Everything About The Significance & How The Festival Is Celebrated

Where is Agni Nakshatram celebrated?

In Southern India, this period is viewed as unfavourable and imprints the pinnacle of the mid-year season and along these lines, it is often referred to as ‘Agni Nakshtaram Dosha’. Unique events are held in the Lord Murugan temple in south India during this period. The period is otherwise called Kathir and Kartari where relationships or different promising occasions are not held.

Also read | Jyeshtha Amavasya 2020: Details On History, Significance, And Celebration

When does Agni Nakshatram end?

Agni Nakshatram began on May 4, 2020, and Agni Nakshatram end will be seen on May 28, 2020, this year. Individuals watch this day as a stupendous celebration in the province of Tamil Nadu which is devoted to Lord Murugan. So as to achieve spiritual health benefits, people also take a round of the hill around Giri Veedi in the morning and evening. Kadamba trees or the picked greenery of Lord Murugan offers mending properties. Devotees collect water from the holy river Cauvery for ‘Abhishekam’ of their divinity. 

Also read | Vaishakha Amavasya 2020: Check Out Its Significance And History

Significance of Agni Nakshatram and why do people celebrate this period?

The Agni Nakshatram holds special importance for Lord Murugan devotees. Lord Murugan is the son of Goddess Parvati and Lord Shiva. He is often referred to as the warrior God and has various names as ‘Skanda’, ‘Kartikeya’ and ‘Subrahmaniam’. The Agni Nakshatram time is characterized as the excursion of Sun through the third and fourth quarters of Bharani Nakshatra, all the four quarters of star Krittika and lastly the first quarter of Rohini Star. Lord Murugan is revered on this day.

Several devotees consider this as an unfavourable period and individuals accept that any unique excursion embraced during the period won’t be productive. Additionally, marriage and other significant functions are avoided during this period. In fact, in olden times, the period was viewed as ominous, attributable to the exceptional warmth during the period.


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அ க்னி நட்சத்திரம் என்றால் என்ன என்பது குறித்தும் அந்த நாள்களில் நாம் செய்ய வேண்டியவை செய்யக் கூடாதவை என்னென்ன என்பது குறித்தும் `விஞ்ஞான ஜோதிடர்’ ஆம்பூர் வேல்முருகனிடம் கேட்டோம்.

சித்திரை முதல் இளவேனில் காலம் தொடங்குவதாக இலக்கண நூல்கள் தெரிவிக்கின்றன. பெயரில் இளவேனில் என்று கொண்டிருந்தாலும் அடிக்கும் வெயிலின் தாக்கம் நாளுக்கு நாள் அதிகரித்து வருகிறது. அதிலும் அக்னி நட்சத்திரம் என்னும் கத்தரி வெயில் தொடங்கிவிட்டால் அவ்வளவுதான். வெப்பமும் வியர்வையும் பெருகிவழியும். குறிப்பாக வெயில்காலத்தில் எந்த நாள்களில் வெப்பத்தின் தாக்கம் மிக அதிகமாக இருக்கும் என்பதை நம் முன்னோர்கள் வானியல் அறிவினால் கணக்கிட்டு அந்த நாள்களைக் குறித்துக் கொடுத்திருக்கிறார்கள். மேலும் இந்த நாள்களில் என்னென்ன காரியங்கள் செய்யலாம், எவை எவை செய்யக் கூடாது என்பன குறித்தும் நமக்கு விளக்கியிருக்கிறார்கள்.

கன்னியாகுமரி சூரிய உதயம்
கன்னியாகுமரி சூரிய உதயம்

அக்னி நட்சத்திரம் தோன்றியது குறித்துப் புராணம் சொல்லும் காரணம் மகாபாரதத்தில் உள்ளது. ஒருமுறை அக்னிதேவன் யாகத்தில் இடப்பட்ட நெய் அதிகமாக உண்டுவிட்ட காரணத்தால் அதனால் உண்டான கொழுப்பை அழிக்கப் பெருங்காடு ஒன்றை எரித்துச் சாம்பலாக்க வேண்டிய கட்டாயம் ஏற்பட்டது. ஆனால் காண்டவ வனத்தை அக்னிபகவான் அழிக்க முயல வருணபகவான் பெருமழையைப் பொழிந்து தீ பரவாது தடுத்தார். இதனால் செய்வதறியாத அக்னிதேவன் கிருஷ்ணன் மற்றும் அர்ஜுனனைச் சரணடைந்தார். மாறுவேடம் பூண்டு, `தனக்குப் பசி என்றும் அதைத் தீர்க்க வேண்டும்’ என்றும் கேட்க, வந்திருப்பவர் அக்னி தேவனே என்பதை அறிந்த கிருஷ்ணர், “நீ விரும்புவதைத் தருகிறோம்” என்றார். அக்னிதேவர் தன் சுயரூபம் கொண்டு காண்டவ வனத்தைத் தனக்கு இரையாகத் தருமாறு வேண்டினார். உடனே அர்ஜுனன் தன் அம்புகளை மழைபோல் பொழியச் செய்து வனத்துக்கு மேல் ஒரு கூரை ஒன்றை உருவாக்கினார்.

இதனால் மழைத்தண்ணீர் கீழே இறங்க முடியாத நிலை ஏற்பட்டது. உடனே அக்னி அந்தக் காட்டை முழுமையாக உண்டு முடித்தான். அக்னி காட்டை உண்ட அந்த நாள்களே அக்னி நட்சத்திர தினங்கள் என்று சொல்வதுண்டு. இது குறியீட்டளவில் அக்னி நட்சத்திரம் அதிக வெப்பமான தினங்கள் என்பதைக் குறிப்பதாகவே கொள்ள வேண்டும்.

அக்னி நட்சத்திரம் என்றால் என்ன என்பது குறித்தும் அந்த நாள்களில் நாம் செய்ய வேண்டியவை செய்யக் கூடாதவை என்னென்ன என்பது குறித்தும் விஞ்ஞான ஜோதிடர் ஆம்பூர் வேல்முருகனிடம் கேட்டோம்.


“தமிழர்களின் புத்தாண்டு சூரியனை அடிப்படையாகக் கொண்டது. சூரியபகவான் மேஷ ராசியில் சஞ்சரிக்கும் மாதமே புத்தாண்டின் தொடக்கம். அதனால்தான் சித்திரை நட்சத்திரத்துக்கு மேஷ மாதம் என்றுகூடப் பெயர். மேஷ ராசியின் அதிபதி செவ்வாய். நவகிரகங்களில் செவ்வாய் பஞ்ச பூதங்களில் ஒன்றான அக்னியின் தன்மையைப் பெற்றது. சூரிய பகவானும் நெருப்பு வடிவானவர் என்பதால் அவர் மேஷ ராசியில் சஞ்சரிக்கும்போது உச்சம் பெறுகிறார். உச்சம் என்றால் பலம் கூடி இருத்தல் என்று பொருள். சூரியனின் பலம் கூடி வெப்பம் அதிகமாக வெளிப்படும் காலமாக இந்த மாதம் அமைகிறது. அதிலும் பரணி நட்சத்திரத்திலும் கிருத்திகை நட்சத்திரத்திலும் ரோகிணி நட்சத்திரத்தின் இரண்டாம் பாதம்வரையிலும் சூரிய பகவான் சஞ்சரிக்கும் காலமே அக்னி நட்சத்திர காலமாகும். இதில் பரணி நட்சத்திரத்தில் சஞ்சரிக்கும் காலத்தை முன் கத்தரி என்றும் ரோகிணி நட்சத்திரத்தின் இரண்டாம் பாதம்வரை சஞ்சரிக்கும் காலத்தைப் பின்கத்தரி என்றும் சொல்கிறோம். நடுவில் இருக்கும் கிருத்திகை நட்சத்திர காலமே கத்தரி வெயிலின் மிக அதிகமான தாக்கத்தை ஏற்படுத்தும் நாள்களாகும். இந்த ஆண்டு மே 4-ம் தேதி தொடங்கி மே 28-ம் தேதிவரை அக்னி நட்சத்திர தினங்களாகும். இது குறித்துப் பார்ப்போம்.

கத்தரி தீவிரமடையும் நாள்கள்

மே  4 முதல் 10 தேதி வரை சூரியபகவான் பரணி நட்சத்திரத்தில் சஞ்சரிக்கிறார். அதன்பின் 11-ம் தேதி முதல் 24-ம் தேதி வரை கிருத்திகை நட்சத்திரத்தில் சஞ்சரிக்கிறார். பிறகு அக்னி நட்சத்திரத்தின் இறுதிப் பகுதியான ரோகிணி நட்சத்திரத்தில் 25 -28 தேதி வரை சஞ்சரிக்கிறார். இதில் இடைப்பட்ட மே 11 முதல் 24 -ம் தேதிவரை கத்தரி வெயிலின் தாக்கம் அதிகமாக இருக்கும். காரணம் கிருத்திகை நட்சத்திரம் என்பது சூரியனின் சொந்த நட்சத்திரம். யாரும் சொந்த வீட்டில் இருக்கும்போது அதிக பலத்தோடு விளங்குவது இயல்பு.


இந்த நாள்களில் வழக்கத்தைவிட வெப்பம் அதிகமாக இருக்கும். வெப்பம் அதிகரிக்கும்போது இயல்பாகவே மனித சக்தி அதிகமாகச் செலவாகும். எனவே, உடல் உழைப்பை அதிகம் கோரும் சில செயல்களை நம் முன்னோர்கள் இந்த நாள்களில் செய்வதைத் தடை செய்தனர். குறிப்பாகக் கிணறு வெட்டுதல், பூமிபூஜை செய்வது, கட்டுமானப் பணிகளில் ஈடுபடுவது, விதை விதைப்பது, மரம் வெட்டுவது, குழந்தைகளுக்குக் காதுகுத்தி மொட்டை போடுவது ஆகியனவற்றைக் கட்டாயம் செய்யக் கூடாது என்று வகுத்துள்ளனர். இவற்றுக்கான ஜோதிட ரீதியிலான காரணங்கள் பல இருந்தாலும் யதார்த்தமான காரணங்களையும் நம்மால் புரிந்துகொள்ள முடியும்.

கத்தரி வெயில் காலத்தில் திருமணம் செய்யலாமா?

கத்தரி வெயில்காலம் என்பது அசுப காலம் அல்ல. இந்த நாள்களில் சில சுபகாரியங்களைத் தாராளமாகச் செய்யலாம். வீடு கட்ட உகந்ததல்லவே தவிர ஏற்கெனவே கட்டி முடித்துத் தயாராக உள்ள வீட்டில் குடியேறத் தடையேதுமில்லை. வாடகை வீட்டை மாற்றவும் புதிய வீட்டுக்குக் குடிபோகவும் இந்த நாள்கள் உகந்தவையே. மேலும், உபநயனம், பெண்பார்த்தல், நிச்சயதார்த்தம், சீமந்தம் ஆகிய சுப காரியங்களையும் செய்யலாம். குறிப்பாகத் திருமணம் செய்யலாமா என்று கேட்டால் கட்டாயம் இந்த நாள்களில் திருமணம் செய்யலாம். இந்த மாதத்தில் வரும் 7 முகூர்த்த நாள்களும் அக்னி நட்சத்திர காலகட்டத்தில்தான் வருகின்றன. எனவே, இந்த நாள்களில் கட்டாயம் திருமணம் செய்யலாம். அதனால் தோஷங்கள் இல்லை. மேலும், தோஷங்கள் தீர்க்கும் ஹோமங்கள் செய்யவும் இந்த நாள்கள் மிகவும் உகந்தவை.

கட்டாயம் செய்ய வேண்டியவை

அக்னி நட்சத்திர காலகட்டம் என்பது தானம் செய்ய வேண்டிய காலம். குறிப்பாக வறியவர்களுக்கு, உணவு, நீர், உடை ஆகியனவற்றைக் கட்டாயம் தானம் செய்ய வேண்டும். அவ்வாறு செய்யும் தானம், மிகுந்த புண்ணிய பலனை ஏற்படுத்தும். குறிப்பாக இன்று நாடு இருக்கும் நிலைமையில் நாம் நம்மாலான உதவியை மற்றவர்களுக்குச் செய்ய வேண்டியது மிகவும் அவசியம். அவ்வாறு செய்வதன் மூலம் நமக்குப் புண்ணிய பலம் கிடைக்கும் என்பதோடு மனநிறைவும் உண்டாகும்.

ஜோதிடர் ஆம்பூர் வேல்முருகன்

இந்தக் காலகட்டத்தில் நாம் சிவபெருமான், சூரியபகவான், அக்னி பகவான் ஆகியோரை வழிபடுவதோடு அவரவர்கள் வாழும் எல்லையிலிருக்கும் மாரியம்மன் முதலிய பெண் தெய்வங்களையும் வழிபடுவது நல்லது. ஆலயங்கள் மூடியிருந்தாலும் நாம் இருக்கும் இடத்திலிருந்து மனதார வேண்டிக்கொள்ள தெய்வங்களின் அருள் பரிபூரணமாகக் கிடைக்கும்” என்றார் ஜோதிடர் வேல்முருகன்.



This week’s Sunday Story deals with a great THEME! THANKS!!!!!

THANKS is a commonly used term in these days! Very Commonly USED TERM!

Highly polished, manner some and nice way of behaving in the society.

Thanksgiving is a national holiday celebrated on various dates in the United StatesCanadaGrenadaSaint LuciaLiberia, and unofficially in countries like Brazil and Philippines. It is also observed in the Dutch town of Leiden and the Australian territory of Norfolk Island. It began as a day of giving thanks for the blessings of the harvest and of the preceding year. (Similarly named harvest festival holidays occur throughout the world during autumn, including in Germany and Japan). Thanksgiving is celebrated on the second Monday of October in Canada and on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States and around the same part of the year in other places. Although Thanksgiving has historical roots in religious and cultural traditions, it has long been celebrated as a secular holiday as well.


Prayers of thanks and special thanksgiving ceremonies are common among most religions after harvests and at other times of the year.[1] The Thanksgiving holiday’s history in North America is rooted in English traditions dating from the Protestant Reformation. It also has aspects of a harvest festival, even though the harvest in New England occurs well before the late-November date on which the modern Thanksgiving holiday is celebrated.[1][2]

In the English tradition, days of thanksgiving and special thanksgiving religious services became important during the English Reformation in the reign of Henry VIII. Before 1536 there were 95 Church holidays, plus 52 Sundays, when people were required to attend church and forego work. Though the 1536 reforms in the Church of England reduced the number of holidays in the liturgical calendar to 27, the Puritan party in the Anglican Church wished to eliminate all Church holidays apart from the weekly Lord’s Day, including the evangelical feasts of Christmas and Easter (cf. Puritan Sabbatarianism).[3] The holidays were to be replaced by specially called Days of Fasting and Days of Thanksgiving, in response to events that the Puritans viewed as acts of special providence. Unexpected disasters or threats of judgement from on high called for Days of Fasting.

Special blessings, viewed as coming from God, called for Days of Thanksgiving, which were observed through Christian church services and other gatherings.[3] For example, Days of thanksgiving were called following the victory over the Spanish Armada in 1588 and following the deliverance of Queen Anne in 1605.[4] An unusual annual Day of Thanksgiving began in 1606 following the failure of the Gunpowder Plot in 1605 and developed into Guy Fawkes Day on November 5.[4] Days of Fasting were called on account of plagues in 1604 and 1622, drought in 1611, and floods in 1613. Annual Thanksgiving prayers were dictated by the charter of English settlers upon their safe landing in America in 1619 at Berkeley Hundred in Virginia.[5]

In Canada

Main article: Thanksgiving (Canada)

According to some historians, the first celebration of Thanksgiving in North America occurred during the 1578 voyage of Martin Frobisher from England in search of the Northwest Passage.[6] Other researchers, however, state that “there is no compelling narrative of the origins of the Canadian Thanksgiving day.”[7]

Antecedents for Canadian Thanksgiving are also sometimes traced to the French settlers who came to New France in the 17th century, who celebrated their successful harvests. The French settlers in the area typically had feasts at the end of the harvest season. They continued throughout the winter season, even sharing food with the indigenous peoples of the area.

As settlers arrived in Nova Scotia from New England after 1700, late autumn Thanksgiving celebrations became commonplace. New immigrants into the country—such as the Irish, Scottish, and Germans—also added their own traditions to the harvest celebrations. Most of the U.S. aspects of Thanksgiving (such as the turkey) were incorporated when United Empire Loyalists began to flee from the United States during and after the American Revolution and settled in Canada.

In 1859, the government of the Provinces of Canada declared a Thanksgiving Day in which “all Canadians [were asked] to spend the holiday in ‘public and solemn’ recognition of God’s mercies.” On 9 October 1879, Canada’s Governor General, the Marquis of Lorne, declared November 6 as “a day of General Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the bountiful harvest with which Canada has been blessed.”[9] The Canadian Parliament on 31 January 1957 applied the same language in its proclamation for the modern holiday: “A Day of General Thanksgiving to Almighty God for the bountiful harvest with which Canada has been blessed—to be observed on the second Monday in October.”

In the United States

Main article: Thanksgiving (United States)

Jennie Augusta BrownscombeThe First Thanksgiving at Plymouth, 1914, Pilgrim Hall Museum, Plymouth, Massachusetts

Jennie Augusta BrownscombeThanksgiving at Plymouth, 1925, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington, D.C.

The annual Thanksgiving holiday tradition in the United States is documented for the first time in 1619, in what is now called the Commonwealth of Virginia. Thirty-eight English settlers aboard the ship Margaret arrived by way of the James River at Berkeley Hundred in Charles City County, Virginia on December 4, 1619. The landing was immediately followed by a religious celebration, specifically dictated by the group’s charter from the London Company. The charter declared, “that the day of our ships arrival at the place assigned for plantation in the land of Virginia shall be yearly and perpetually kept holy as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God.”[Since the mid 20th century, the original celebration has been commemorated there annually at present-day Berkeley Plantation, ancestral home of the Harrison family of Virginia.

The more familiar Thanksgiving precedent is traced to the Pilgrims and Puritans who emigrated from England in the 1620s and 1630s. They brought their previous tradition of Days of Fasting and Days of Thanksgiving with them to New England. The 1621 Plymouth, Massachusetts thanksgiving was prompted by a good harvest. The Pilgrims celebrated this with the Wampanoags, a tribe of Native Americans who, along with the last surviving Patuxet, had helped them get through the previous winter by giving them food in that time of scarcity, in exchange for an alliance and protection against the rival Narragansett tribe.[13]

Several days of Thanksgiving were held in early New England history that have been identified as the “First Thanksgiving”, including Pilgrim holidays in Plymouth in 1621 and 1623, and a Puritan holiday in Boston in 1631. According to historian Jeremy Bangs, director of the Leiden American Pilgrim Museum, the Pilgrims may have been influenced by watching the annual services of Thanksgiving for the relief of the siege of Leiden in 1574, while they were staying in Leiden Now called 3 Oktoberfeest, Leiden’s autumn thanksgiving celebration in 1617 was the occasion for sectarian disturbance that appears to have accelerated the pilgrims’ plans to emigrate to America.

Later in New England, religious thanksgiving services were declared by civil leaders such as Governor Bradford, who planned the Plymouth colony’s thanksgiving celebration and feast in 1623.[18][19][20] Bradford issued a proclamation of Thanksgiving following victory in the Pequot War in the late 1630s to celebrate “the bloody victory, thanking God that the battle had been won.”[21][22] The practice of holding an annual harvest festival did not become a regular affair in New England until the late 1660s.[23]

Thanksgiving proclamations were made mostly by church leaders in New England up until 1682, and then by both state and church leaders until after the American Revolution. During the revolutionary period, political influences affected the issuance of Thanksgiving proclamations. Various proclamations were made by royal governors, and conversely by patriot leaders, such as John Hancock, General George Washington, and the Continental Congress, each giving thanks to God for events favorable to their causes.[25] As President of the United States, George Washington proclaimed the first nationwide thanksgiving celebration in America marking November 26, 1789, “as a day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many and signal favours of Almighty God”,[26] and calling on Americans to “unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations and beseech him to pardon our national and other transgressions.”[

Debate over first celebrations

Shrine of the first U.S. Thanksgiving in 1619 at Berkeley Hundred in Charles City County, Virginia

Devotees in New England and Virginia and other places have maintained contradictory claims to having held the first Thanksgiving celebration in what became the United States. The question is complicated by the concept of Thanksgiving as either a holiday celebration or a religious service. James Baker maintains, “The American holiday’s true origin was the New England Calvinist Thanksgiving. Never coupled with a Sabbath meeting, the Puritan observances were special days set aside during the week for thanksgiving and praise in response to God’s providence.” Baker calls the debate a “tempest in a beanpot” and “marvelous nonsense” based on regional claims.

In 1963, President John F. Kennedy acknowledged both the Virginia and Massachusetts claims. Kennedy issued Proclamation 3560 on November 5, 1963, stating, “Over three centuries ago, our forefathers in Virginia and in Massachusetts, far from home in a lonely wilderness, set aside a time of thanksgiving. On the appointed day, they gave reverent thanks for their safety, for the health of their children, for the fertility of their fields, for the love which bound them together, and for the faith which united them with their God.”

Other claims include an earlier religious service by Spanish explorers in Texas at San Elizario in 1598.[29] Historians Robyn Gioia and Michael Gannon of the University of Florida argue that the earliest Thanksgiving service in what is now the United States was celebrated by the Spanish community on September 8, 1565, in current Saint Augustine, Florida.

Fixing a date


The earlier Thanksgiving celebrations in Canada has been attributed to the earlier onset of winter in the North, thus ending the harvest season earlier.[32] Thanksgiving in Canada did not have a fixed date until the late 19th century. Prior to Canadian Confederation, many of the individual colonial governors of the Canadian provinces had declared their own days of Thanksgiving. The first official Canadian Thanksgiving occurred on April 15, 1872, when the nation was celebrating the Prince of Wales‘ recovery from a serious illness.

By the end of the 19th century, Thanksgiving Day was normally celebrated on November 6. In the late 19th century, the Militia staged “sham battles” for public entertainment on Thanksgiving Day. The Militia agitated for an earlier date for the holiday, so they could use the warmer weather to draw bigger crowds.[33] However, when the First World War ended, the Armistice Day holiday was usually held during the same week. To prevent the two holidays from clashing with one another, in 1957 the Canadian Parliament proclaimed Thanksgiving to be observed on its present date on the second Monday of October.

United States

Thanksgiving in the United States has been observed on differing dates. From the time of the Founding Fathers until the time of Lincoln, the date of observance varied from state to state. The final Thursday in November had become the customary date in most U.S. states by the beginning of the 19th century, coinciding with, and eventually superseding the holiday of Evacuation Day (commemorating the day the British exited the United States after the Revolutionary War).[34] Modern Thanksgiving was proclaimed for all states in 1863 by Abraham Lincoln. Influenced by Sarah Josepha Hale, who wrote letters to politicians for approximately 40 years advocating an official holiday, Lincoln set national Thanksgiving by proclamation for the final Thursday in November in celebration of the bounties that had continued to fall on the Union and for the military successes in the war, also calling on the American people, “with humble penitence for our national perverseness and disobedience .. fervently implore the interposition of the Almighty hand to heal the wounds of the nation…”[35] Because of the ongoing Civil War, a nationwide Thanksgiving celebration was not realized until Reconstruction was completed in the 1870s.

On October 31, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed a presidential proclamation changing the holiday to the next to last Thursday in November in an effort to boost the economy.[36] The earlier date created an extra seven days for Christmas shopping since at that time retailers never began promoting the Christmas season until after Thanksgiving. But making the proclamation so close to the change wreaked havoc on the holiday schedules of many people, schools, and businesses, and most Americans were not in favor of the change. Some of those who opposed dubbed the holiday “Franksgiving” that year. Some state governors went along with the change while others stuck with the original November 30 date for the holiday, and three states — Colorado, Mississippi, and Texas — observed both dates.[37] The double Thanksgiving continued for two more years, and then on December 26, 1941, Roosevelt signed a joint resolution of Congress changing the official national Thanksgiving Day to the fourth Thursday in November starting in 1942.

Since 1971, when the American Uniform Monday Holiday Act took effect, the American observance of Columbus Day has coincided with the Canadian observance of Thanksgiving.[39][40]



In the Australian external territory of Norfolk Island, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the last Wednesday of November, similar to the pre–World War II American observance on the last Thursday of the month. This means the Norfolk Island observance is the day before or six days after the United States’ observance. The holiday was brought to the island by visiting American whaling ships.[41]


In Brazil, National Thanksgiving Day was instituted by President Gaspar Dutra, through Law 781 of August 17, 1949, at the suggestion of Ambassador Joaquim Nabuco, who was enthusiastic about the commemorations he saw in 1909 in St. Patrick’s Cathedral as an ambassador in Washington. In 1966, Law 5110 established that the Thanksgiving celebration would take place on the fourth Thursday of November.[42] This date is celebrated by many families of American origin, by some Protestant Christian denominations, such as the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Brazil (which is of American origin), the Presbyterian Church, the Baptist Church, the Methodist Church, and the Church of the Nazarene, and Methodist denominational universities. The day is also celebrated by evangelical churches such as the Foursquare Gospel Church in Brazil.


Main article: Thanksgiving (Canada)

Pumpkin pie is commonly served on and around Thanksgiving in North America.

Thanksgiving (Frenchl’Action de grâce), occurring on the second Monday in October, is an annual Canadian holiday to give thanks at the close of the harvest season. Although the original act of Parliament references God and the holiday is celebrated in churches, the holiday is mostly celebrated in a secular manner. Thanksgiving is a statutory holiday in all provinces in Canada, except for New Brunswick and Nova Scotia. While businesses may remain open in these provinces, the holiday is nonetheless recognized and celebrated regardless of its status.[43][44][45][46][47]


In the West Indian island of Grenada, in the Caribbean, there is a national holiday known as Thanksgiving Day which is celebrated on October 25. Even though it bears the same name, and is celebrated at roughly the same time as the American and Canadian versions of Thanksgiving, this holiday is unrelated to either of those celebrations. Instead, the holiday marks the anniversary of the U.S.-led invasion of the island in 1983, in response to the deposition and execution of the socialist Grenadian Prime Minister Maurice Bishop by a military government from within his own party.


In the West African country of Liberia, Thanksgiving is celebrated on the first Thursday of November.[49] In 1883, the Legislature of Liberia enacted a statute declaring this day as a national holiday.[50] Thanksgiving is celebrated in the country in large part due to the nation’s founding as a colony of the American Colonization Society in 1821 by former slaves and free people of color from the United States. However, the Liberian celebration of the holiday is notably different from the American celebration. While some Liberian families chose to celebrate with a feast or cook out, it is not considered a staple of the holiday and there is no specific food heavily associated with Thanksgiving. Some chose to celebrate the holiday by attending religious ceremonies, while others take it as a day for relaxation. Others view the holiday as an imposition from the American settlers of the country. In the years following the second civil war, some Liberians have taken the holiday as a time to be thankful for this new period peace and relative stability.]



Many of the Pilgrims who migrated to the Plymouth Plantation resided in the city of Leiden from 1609 to 1620 and had recorded their births, marriages, and deaths at the Pieterskerk (St. Peter’s church). In commemoration, a non-denominational Thanksgiving Day service is held each year on the morning of the American Thanksgiving Day in the Pieterskerk, a Gothic church in Leiden, noting the hospitality the Pilgrims received in Leiden on their way to the New World.

Thanksgiving is observed by orthodox Protestant churches in the Netherlands on the first Wednesday in November (Dankdag ). It is not a public holiday. Those who observe the day either go to church in the evening or take the day off and go to church in the morning (and occasionally afternoon) too.


The Philippines, while it was an American colony in the first half of the 20th century, celebrated Thanksgiving as a special public holiday on the same day as the Americans.[54] During the Japanese occupation during World War II, both the Americans and Filipinos celebrated Thanksgiving in secret. After Japanese withdrawal in 1945, the tradition continued until 1969. It was revived by President Ferdinand Marcos, but the date was changed to be on every September 21, when martial law was imposed in the country. After Marcos’ ouster in 1986, the tradition was no longer continued, due to the controversial events that occurred during his long administration.

As of 2022, Thanksgiving has been revived as a commercial and cultural holiday, albeit stripped of its official status. SM Supermalls led the way in the slow revival of Thanksgiving Day on the same day as in the U.S., as in the old days. Many malls and hotels offer special sales on this day, which is part of the long celebration of Christmas in the Philippines, which begins in September (unlike on Black Friday in the United States).


Main article: Public holidays in Rwanda

Called Umuganura Day, this is a Thanksgiving festival to mark the start of the harvest in Rwanda. It is celebrated on the first Friday of August.[56]

Saint Lucia

The nation of Saint Lucia celebrates Thanksgiving on the first Monday in October.[57]

United States

Family saying grace before Thanksgiving dinner in Neffsville, Pennsylvania, 1942

Main article: Thanksgiving (United States)

Thanksgiving, celebrated on the fourth Thursday in November since 1941 due to federal legislation, has been an annual tradition in the United States by presidential proclamation since 1863 and by state legislation since the Founding Fathers of the United States. Traditionally, Thanksgiving has been a celebration of the blessings of the year, including the harvest.[58] On Thanksgiving Day, it is common for Americans to share a family meal, attend church services, and view special sporting events. In addition, Thanksgiving is celebrated in public places with parades such as Macy’s Thanksgiving Parade[60] in New York City, ABC Dunkin’ Donuts Thanksgiving Day Parade in Philadelphia, America’s Hometown Thanksgiving Parade in Plymouth, Massachusetts, McDonald’s Thanksgiving Parade in Chicago, and Bayou Classic Thanksgiving Parade in New Orleans. What Americans call the “Holiday Season” generally begins with Thanksgiving.[63] The first day after Thanksgiving Day—Black Friday—marks the start of the Christmas shopping season.

Thanksgiving is usually celebrated with a family meal. Beginning in the 2010s, a new tradition has emerged to also celebrate Thanksgiving with a meal with friends, as a separate event on a different day or an alternate event on Thanksgiving day. This is referred to as Friendsgiving.

A food decoration for Erntedankfest, a Christian Thanksgiving harvest festival celebrated in Germany

The Harvest Thanksgiving Festival, Erntedankfest, is a popular German Christian festival on the first Sunday of October. The festival has a significant religious component, and many churches are decorated with autumn crops. In some places, there are religious processions or parades. Many Bavarian beer festivals, like the Munich Oktoberfest, take place within the vicinity of Erntedankfest.[original research?]


Main article: Labor Thanksgiving Day

Labor Thanksgiving Day (勤労感謝の日, Kinrō Kansha no Hi) is a national holiday in Japan. It takes place annually on November 23. The law establishing the holiday, which was adopted during the American occupation after World War II, cites it as an occasion for commemorating labor and production and giving each other thanks. It has roots in the ancient Shinto harvest ceremony (Niiname-sai (新嘗祭)).

United Kingdom

Harvest Festival flowers at a church in Shrewsbury, England

The Harvest Festival of Thanksgiving does not have an official date in the United Kingdom; however, it is traditionally held on or near the Sunday of the harvest moon that occurs closest to the autumnal equinox. Harvest Thanksgiving in Britain also has pre-Christian roots when the Saxons would offer the first sheaf of barley, oats, or wheat to fertility gods. When the harvest was finally collected, communities would come together for a harvest supper.[66] When Christianity arrived in Britain many traditions remained, and today the Harvest Festival is marked by churches and schools in late September/early October (same as Canada) with singing, praying and decorating with baskets of food and fruit to celebrate a successful harvest and to give thanks.[67] Collections of food are usually held which are then given to local charities which help the homeless and those in need. Thus we end this week’s long story and we shall meet tomorrow as usual. Till then GOOD BYE!

Great theme indeed


“Chacha Nehru” he was to every one and naturally to me
It was on Twenty Seventh nineteen sixty four the balm shell fell
Death of the greatest among the Prime Ministers, India has seen
Let us pay homage to that great and noble soul Mother India gave birth to!

Memories of our country’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru
Come to mind on this day –his fifty seventh death anniversary. A great writer
A keen nature lover. All his life, he remained in love with the mighty
Himalayas. the Doon valley was his favourite place for a holiday pretty.

Great man born literally with a silver spoon, first disciple
Of Mahatmaji and a freedom fighter fierce, Nehruji laid a strong
Foundation for India that is Bharat-our sacred homeland,
We reverentially pay homage to that builder of Modern India!

26/05/2023: MOUNT EVEREST- HOW TALL!!!!!


Climbing the Eighth floor of the Fourteen Story Building

LIC Madras Zonal Office in Mount road, Chennai

my Alma mater, where I learnt the art and science of life and living where I served on the date of my retirement viz 28th February 2001 and expected the LIFT to take me to my Cabin(!)

how difficult it is to climb MOUNT EVEREST?


In 2003 – Sherpa Lakpa Gelu climbed Mount Everest in 10 hours 56 records and breaking the previous record of only 3 LONG days.!

Lakpa Gelu Sherpa Becomes the Fastest Everest summiteer

climbing the world’s highest peak in eight hours and 10 minutes !


Above theme is quite an interesting one. Shows our greatness in the fild.

Let the youngsters try to climb and set up RECORDS!!!

Let us encourage.

8849 meters is in fact the height of MOUNT EVEREST

Great indeed!



– after Lo Ch’ing’s painting, “Post-Industrial Society Has Arrived”

Over the mountaintop pavilion,
under which I imagine you asleep,
the crescent moon waxes.
The sun casts vermilion and
neither of us would’ve been correct
in supposing rising or falling.
Skyward, eternal, those
two orbs and true north. We
mis-see what our minds upend.
Green is for life, so what
I look at and what I see is just
crooked trunks of pine trees.
You are parcel of land, white sky,
the blue lake reflecting high-rises

Gibraltar Not Gibraltar

– after Lo Ch’ing’s painting, “Post-Industrial Society Has Arrived”

Translation to TAMIL

 Dr. N V Subbaraman, Chennai, INDIA 9840477552


நீ உறங்குகிறாய் என்று கற்பனை செய்கிறேனோ

வளைந்த சந்திரன் கரைகிறது

கதிரவன் வெ ண் பூசசியைத் தருகிறது  

எழு வ திலும் வீழ்வதிலும்

நாம் இருவருமே சரியல்ல.

வீண்ணை நோக்கி காலம் காலத்திற்கும்

இரண்டு உருண்டைகள் மற்றும் உண்மையான வடக்கு

நமது மனத்திற்கேற்ப நாம் தவறாகப் பார்க்கிறோம்

வாழ்விற்குப் பசசை எனவே நான் எதைப் பார்க்கிறேனோ

பைன் மரங்களின் அடிமரம்

நீ நிலத்தின் பொட்டலம் வெள்ளை வானம்

நீல ஏரி உயரவதைக் காட்டும் முன்னர் நாம் ஒன்றாய் இருந்தகாலை!  

நான் மாலை மேல் ஏறுவேனா

கதிரவனிற்குக் கீழே கள் வைப்பேனா

இல்லை நீரில் வீழ்ந்து உன்னை மீண்டும் கவருவேநா

ஏரி ஒன்றைக் கூறுகிறது

பதிலானது உண்மை

உண்மையைக் காட்டிலும்!

இப்பொழுது நான் யார்?

Janée J. Baugher (USA)


How many children go missing every day worldwide?

We are  children of God, the Almighty-the Creator

We have children-being taken care of by protector

Pity is we have World Missing Children ‘s day to observe

Time to explore ways to end the menace and we preserve!

All over the world,children  do they or we make them miss

Carelessness, wanton, treat them ill and giving them no kiss

Make them run away from the family and get caught by

The unscrupulous, made to beg and earn for them and try!

Future wealth of the world, can not afford to miss- miss and die

Global phenomenon U N taking a note and try

To erase the shameless phenomenon-make children cry

The world to put an end to this abominable  act!

Great theme